Time Stamp for Cited Work

This element is deprecated; avoid using it. Use <date-in-citation>.


This element is an artifact, now used only within the <nlm-citation> element, which is deprecated. Use of this element is therefore also deprecated.

The <time-stamp> element has been replaced by the element <date-in-citation> with a @content-type attribute with a value of “time-stamp”. Such a <date-in-citation> element can be used to record any time stamp that was found on the cited resource when it was examined, for resources such as databases that may use a time signature to identify different versions.


content-type Type of Content
specific-use Specific Use

Related Elements

Use <date-in-citation> to record information such as this inside a <element-citation> or <mixed-citation>.

Content Model

<!ELEMENT  time-stamp   (#PCDATA %time-stamp-elements;)*             >

Expanded Content Model



Text, numbers, or special characters, zero or more

This element may be contained in:



Used only in <nlm-citation>, an element-style bibliographic reference (punctuation and spacing removed):

<nlm-citation publication-type="commun">
<person-group person-group-type="author">
<article-title>New Z39.50 resource [Internet]</article-title>
<source>Message to: Karen Patrias</source>
<year iso-8601-date="1998-02-27T13:18">1998</year>
<time-stamp>1:18 pm</time-stamp>
<access-date>cited 1998 Feb 28</access-date>
<comment>[about 2 screens]</comment>