<collab> Collaborative (Group) Author

Group of contributors credited under a single name, such as an organization credited as a contributor.


This element may contain either a collaboration of individuals or the name of an organization (such as a laboratory, educational institution, corporation, or department) when such a unit acts as a contributor by, for example, authoring the work.
Not to be confused with the element <contrib-group> which is a container element that holds information such as the names and affiliations of a group of individual contributors.
This element may be used within bibliographic references (<element-citation> and <mixed-citation>).

Base Attributes


Models and Context
May be contained in
Content Model
<!ELEMENT  collab       (#PCDATA %collab-elements;)*                 >
Expanded Content Model

(#PCDATA | bold | fixed-case | italic | monospace | overline | roman | sans-serif | sc | strike | underline | ruby | sub | sup | addr-line | city | country | fax | institution | institution-wrap | phone | postal-code | state | address | aff | aff-alternatives | author-comment | bio | email | ext-link | on-behalf-of | role | uri | xref)*

Tagged Samples
Committee as contributor
 <contrib contrib-type="author">
  <collab collab-type="committee">Technical Committee ISO/TC 108, 
   Subcommittee SC 2</collab>
Including institution and program
 <contrib contrib-type="author">
  <collab>Joint United Nations Program on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS),
   <institution>World Health Organization</institution>, Geneva, 
 <contrib contrib-type="author">
  <collab>Nonoccupational HIV PEP Task Force, Brown University
   AIDS Program and the <institution>Rhode Island Department
   of Health</institution>, Providence, Rhode Island</collab>
In citations
Mixed citations
<ref id="B1">
 <mixed-citation publication-type="book">
  <collab>Research Unit of the Royal College of 
  Physicians and British Geriatric Society</collab>. 
  <source>Geriatric day hospitals: their role 
  and guidelines for good practice</source>. 
  <year iso-8601-date="1994">1994</year>.
<ref id="c25">
 <mixed-citation publication-type="report" publisher-type="government">
  <collab>Federal Highway Administration</collab> (FHWA). 
  (<year iso-8601-date="1992">1992</year>). &#x201C;<part-title>Evaluating 
  scour at bridges</part-title>.&#x201D; <source><italic>Hydr. Engrg. Circular  
  No. 18</italic></source>: <gov><italic>FHWA-IP-90-017</italic></gov>, 
  <publisher-name>Office of Engineering, Bridge Div.</publisher-name>, 
  <publisher-loc>Washington, D.C.</publisher-loc>
Element citation
 <element-citation publication-type="report">
  <collab>National High Blood Pressure Education Program
  <source>The fourth report on the diagnosis, evaluation,
   and treatment of high blood pressure in children and
  <edition>Rev. ed</edition>
  <publisher-loc>Bethesda (MD)</publisher-loc>
  <publisher-name>National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute
  <year iso-8601-date="2005">2005</year>
  <size units="pages">48 p</size>
  <comment>(NIH publication; no. 05-5267)</comment>