Type of Abstract

Type or style of abstract as identified by the publisher (for example, “short”, “graphic”, “ASCII”, “stereochemical”).


The Tag Set does not prescribe values for this attribute, so any type of abstract that a publisher records can be preserved.


The suggested values described below are merely examples of the types of values that are possible, as an illustration of why such information might be recorded. If the publisher has not chosen to identify the type of abstract, this attribute should not be used.

With these Elements

Value Meaning
Text, numbers, or special characters Brief name for the type of abstract, such as “short”.
Restriction: @abstract-type is an optional attribute; there is no default.

Suggested usage

Some commonly used type values for this attribute are shown below. The list is not intended to be exhaustive; there may well be other named types of abstracts.


A “plain text” abstract, i.e., without special characters or equations, so the abstract can be sent in email or displayed on primitive browsers


A non-technical summation of the major findings of the article


A pictorial representation such as a picture or a video


An abstract written by an editor, not an author


An abstract which lists the key points made by the article


An abstract used for Learning Objectives or article objectives


An abstract containing the titles of an article’s sections; following each title, that section is summarized.


An abbreviated form of the abstract, for example, for use inside a generated Table of Contents, or to be returned in addition to the article title during a search


An abstract containing only the details of a chemical compound, for example, one major publisher’s “stereochem” abstract


Summation of the article, typically used in conjunction with other types of abstracts


A short abstract specifically written to create interest in the reader


A very short abstract, usually only a line or two long, that is displayed in a Table of Contents


Short summary intended for distribution on a website


<abstract abstract-type="short">
<p>The is the third and last part of the volume devoted to solubility 
data ...</p>