Table (NISO JATS table model)

The rows and columns part of a full table. (This element is based on and intended to be converted easily to the XHMTL table element.)


By default, the NISO JATS table model (based on and designed to be converted easily to the XHTML 1.1 table model) should be used as defined in the XHTML 1.1 table model, to take advantage of existing software for table handling.

This element contains only the rows and columns of the table, which is typically just part of what would be called a “table” in print or display. A full table might also include a table number (label), a table title, a table caption, table notes and footnotes, introductory paragraphs, etc., so a full table is tagged using the <table-wrap> element. If the complex table contains rows and columns, <table-wrap> will contain a <table> as well as other content.

In the NISO JATS table model, the XHMTL™ table model has been modified to remove the <caption> element from within the <table> element, because, in the base Suite, the <caption> element has been made part of the <table-wrap> element.

Related Essay: For a discussion on the table formatting, see Table Formatting. For a discussion on the use of <table>s inside <table-wrap> and for related groups of tables, see Table, Table Wrapper, and Table Group.

OASIS CALS Table Note: The OASIS XML Exchange (CALS) table model has also been included in the NISO JATS Suite and may be used as an alternative table model. It is even possible, though not easy, to include two different table models in a JATS-based DTD, by using pseudo-namespaces with a fixed prefix to differentiate any name clashes. The XHTML-based table model is usually taken as primary (no name space prefix) and the OASIS Exchange table model set up to use pseudo-namespaces (prefix “oasis”) with an xmlns #FIXED attribute. For organizations that choose to use the OASIS model instead of the more XHTML-like NISO JATS table model, a version of the Publishing DTD has been provided with the OASIS table model (JATS-archive-oasis-article1.dtd). A separate Tag Library describing the OASIS table model elements, attributes, and parameter entities may be accessed at https://jats.nlm.nih.gov/options/OASIS/tag-library/19990315/index.html.

The following changes were made to the OASIS XML Exchange (CALS) table model:


border Border (Frame) around a Table (NISO JATS table model)
cellpadding Cell Padding (NISO JATS table model)
cellspacing Cell Spacing (NISO JATS table model)
content-type Type of Content
frame Frame (NISO JATS table model)
id Identifier
rules Rules (NISO JATS table model)
style Style (NISO JATS table model; MathML 2.0 Tag Set)
summary Summary (NISO JATS table model)
width Width (NISO JATS table model; MathML 2.0 Tag Set)

Related Elements

The <table> element is an element defined by either the NISO JATS table model (based on and designed to be converted easily to the XHTML 1.1 table model) or the OASIS XML Exchange (CALS) table model. The <table> element is not, by itself, a full table, including only the rows and columns portions of a table. A full table may have other features, such as a title, caption, table footnotes, etc. The <table-wrap> element contains the elements of a full table. Note: A full table may or may not include a <table> element within it, since other constructions, such as 2-part lists, may also be given table titles, captions, etc.

Expanded Content Model

((col* | colgroup*), ((thead?, tfoot?, tbody+) | (tr+)))


The following, in order:

This element may be contained in:

<alternatives>, <table-wrap>


<table-wrap id="TN0.170">
<p>Numbers of patients receiving institutional
care at the end of scheduled follow up and
use of hospital beds among those allocated
to day hospital or alternative services</p>
<th colspan="3" align="center"
rowspan="1">Institutional care</th>
<th colspan="2" align="center"
rowspan="1">&#x2003;Bed use (days)</th>
<td colspan="3"><hr/></td>
<td colspan="2"><hr/></td>
<tr><th>Control group</th>
<th align="center">Day hospital</th>
<th align="center">Control</th>
<th align="center">Odds ratio (95&#x0025; CI)</th>
<th align="center">Day hospital</th>
<th align="center">Control</th>
<td colspan="7"><hr/></td></tr>
<td>Comprehensive care (5 trials)</td>
<td align="center">151/597<xref ref-type="table-fn"
<td align="center">159/584</td>
<td align="center">0.91 (0.70 to 1.19)</td>
<td align="center">20.5</td>
<td align="center">21.4</td></tr>
<td>Domiciliary care (4 trials)</td>
<td align="center">20/216</td>
<td align="center">&#x2002;19/227</td>
<td align="center">1.61 (0.30 to 8.55)</td>
<td align="center">&#x2002;7.7</td>
<td align="center">11.1</td>
<td>No comprehensive care (3 trials)</td>
<td align="center">37/411</td>
<td align="center">&#x2002;66/403</td>
<td align="center">0.50<xref ref-type="table-fn"
rid="TF1-151"></xref> (0.26 to 0.96)</td>
<td align="center">11.2</td>
<td align="center">11.7</td>
<td align="center">208/1224</td>
<td align="center">244/1214</td>
<td align="center">0.77 (0.52 to 1.13)</td>
<td align="center">15.0</td><td align="center">16.4</td>
<fn id="TF1-150"><p>Data not available for 1 trial.</p></fn>
<fn id="TF1-151"><p>P&#x003C;0.05 (random effects model).</p></fn>