Collaborative (Group) Author

Group of contributors credited under a single name; includes an organization credited as a contributor.


This element may contain either a collaboration of individuals or the name of an organization (such as a laboratory, educational institution, corporation, or department) when such a unit acts as a contributor by, for example, authoring the work.

Not to be confused with the element <contrib-group> which is a container element that holds information such as the names and affiliations of a group of individual contributors.

This element may be used within bibliographic references (<element-citation> and <mixed-citation>).


collab-type Type of Collaboration
id Identifier
specific-use Specific Use
xlink:actuate Actuating the Link
xlink:href Href (Linking Mechanism)
xlink:role Role of the Link
xlink:show Showing the Link
xlink:title Title of the Link
xlink:type Type of Link
xmlns:xlink XLink Namespace Declaration
xml:lang Language

Content Model

<!ELEMENT  collab       (#PCDATA %collab-elements;)*                 >

Expanded Content Model

(#PCDATA | inline-supplementary-material | related-article | related-object | addr-line | country | fax | institution | phone | hr | break | contrib-group | address | aff | aff-alternatives | author-comment | bio | email | etal | ext-link | fn | on-behalf-of | role | uri | xref | bold | italic | monospace | overline | overline-start | overline-end | roman | sans-serif | sc | strike | underline | underline-start | underline-end | alternatives | inline-graphic | private-char | chem-struct | inline-formula | tex-math | mml:math | abbrev | milestone-end | milestone-start | named-content | styled-content | sub | sup | x)*


Any combination of:

This element may be contained in:

<collab-alternatives>, <contrib>, <element-citation>, <mixed-citation>, <nlm-citation>, <person-group>, <product>, <related-article>, <related-object>

Example 1

<mixed-citation publication-type="report">
<collab>National High Blood Pressure Education Program
(US)</collab>. <source>The fourth report on the
diagnosis, evaluation, and  treatment of high blood
pressure in children and adolescents</source>.
<edition>Rev. ed</edition>. <publisher-loc>Bethesda
(MD)</publisher-loc>: <publisher-name>National Heart,
Lung, and Blood Institute (US)</publisher-name>;
<year iso-8601-date="2005">2005</year>.
<size units="pages">48 p</size>. (NIH publication;
no. 05-5267).</mixed-citation>

Example 2

<contrib contrib-type="author">
<named-content content-type="program">Joint United
Nations Program on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS)</named-content>,
<institution>World Health Organization</institution>,
Geneva, <country>Switzerland</country>
<contrib contrib-type="author">
<named-content content-type="program">Nonoccupational HIV
PEP Task Force, Brown University AIDS Program</named-content>
and the <institution>Rhode Island Department of
Health</institution>, Providence, Rhode Island</collab>