A journal article.


Usage: This element can be used to describe not only typical journal articles (research articles) but also much of the non-article content within a journal, such as book and product reviews, editorials, commentaries, and news summaries.

Related Essay: For a discussion on tagging book reviews and similar articles, see Tagging Book or Product Reviews. For a discussion on the tagging of letters and responses in an article, see Letters and Replies. For a discussion on the use of <sub-article>s within a main article, see Sub-articles to an Article.


article-type Type of Article
dtd-version Version of the Tag Set (DTD)
specific-use Specific Use
xmlns:mml MathML Namespace Declaration
xmlns:xlink XLink Namespace Declaration
xmlns:xsi XML Schema Namespace Declaration
xml:lang Language

Related Elements

A journal article <article> may be divided into several components:

  1. the <front> (the article metadata or header information, which contains both journal and article metadata);
  2. the <body> (the textual and graphical content of the article);
  3. any <back> (any ancillary information such as a glossary, reference list, or appendix);
  4. a <floats-group> (single container element some publishers and archives use to hold all floating elements such as figures and tables that are referenced in the article body or back matter); and
  5. either a series of <response> elements or a series of <sub-article> elements. (A <response> is a commentary on the article itself, such as a summation by an editor, an answer to a letter-article, or words from the author responding to peer-review comments. Sub-articles are articles such as news pieces, abstracts, or committee reports that are completely contained within a main article.)

Content Model

<!ELEMENT  article      %article-full-model;                         >

Expanded Content Model

(front, body?, back?, floats-group?, (sub-article* | response*))


The following, in order:

This top-level element may not be contained in any other elements.


<article-title>Systematic review of day hospital care
for elderly people</article-title>
<contrib contrib-type="author">
<role>research physiotherapist</role>
<aff>Department of Health Care for the Elderly,
St Luke&#x2019;s Hospital, Bradford BD5 0NA</aff>
<p>Competing interests: None declared.</p>
<copyright-statement>Copyright &#x00A9; 1999, British Medical