Array (Simple Tabulation)

Tabular arrangement of text in the narrative flow of the document. Unlike a <table-wrap>, an array does not contain a label, title, caption, or table headings (column heads).


By default in this Tag Set, an <array> includes the NISO JATS table body model (<tbody>), which is based on and designed to be easily converted to the XHTML 1.1 table body element(tbody). An <array> may contain a graphic (<graphic>) rather than a table body to express the rows and columns.

OASIS CALS Table Note: The OASIS XML Exchange table model may be used instead of or in addition to the default NISO JATS XHTML-based table model. OASIS table users can set the <array> element to contain the oasis:tbody element, typically with a namespace prefix of “oasis”. A separate Tag Library describing the OASIS table model elements, attributes, and parameter entities may be accessed at jats.nlm.nih.gov/options/OASIS/tag-library/19990315/index.html.

Display/Formatting Note: An <array> element is not allowed to float; it is tied to its position in the text. True tables are allowed to float in text or be anchored, as determined by the value of their @position attribute.


content-type Type of Content
id Identifier
orientation Orientation
specific-use Specific Use
xml:lang Language

Related Elements

Best Practice: A Typical <array> has no label, title, or caption. Row and column material that has labels, titles, or captions should be tagged as a table element (<table-wrap>). The <array> model has been allowed to add such aspects as labels to capture the style of publishers who make a large distinction between numbered complex tables and unnumbered simple tables.

A graphic containing simple tabular material that occurs within a paragraph or between two paragraphs should be tagged as an <array>, not merely as a loose <graphic> or as a <fig> or <table>.

Content Model

<!ELEMENT  array        %array-model;                                >

Expanded Content Model

(label?, (alt-text | long-desc | email | ext-link | uri)*, ((alternatives | graphic | media)* | tbody), (attrib | permissions)*)


The following, in order:

This element may be contained in:

<abstract>, <ack>, <alternatives>, <app>, <app-group>, <bio>, <body>, <boxed-text>, <chem-struct>, <disp-formula>, <disp-quote>, <fig>, <glossary>, <license-p>, <named-content>, <notes>, <p>, <ref-list>, <sec>, <styled-content>, <supplementary-material>, <td>, <term>, <th>, <trans-abstract>


<p><italic>Goniocyclus hannibalensis</italic> is founded on specimens that
cannot be related to a precise stratgraphic position within the excavated
succession; consequently faunal relationships cannot be expressed with certainty.
...Preliminary reports of the ancestral
<italic>Goniocyclus</italic> species are described as:
<td><sc>Goniatitina</sc> (Hyatt, 1884)</td>
<td><sc>Pericyclaceae</sc> (Hyatt, 1900)</td>
<td><sc>Pericyckidae</sc> (Hyatt, 1900)</td>
<td><sc>Goniocyclus</sc> (Gordon, 1986)</td>
<td>Type Species</td>
<td><italic>Goniatites blairi</italic> (Miller and Gurley, 1896)</td>