Academic titles or professional certifications displayed following a personal name (for example, “MD”, “PhD”).
This element is used inside container elements about the person, such as the <contrib> element or the <speaker>. This element relates only to people, and typically follows the name of a person.
As part of information about a contributor, the <suffix> element should be used for parts of people’s names (for example, “Jr.”), not for degrees. The academic degrees are part of the information that is known about a contributor, not part of the name of the contributor, and should take the <degrees> element. Degree and certification information may be placed directly following the person’s name within the contributor information:
<contrib ...> <name> <surname>Smyth-Jones</surname> <given-names>George</given-names> <suffix>Sr.</suffix> </name> <degrees>PhD</degrees> </contrib>
Or the <degrees> may be included later within the contributor element, interspersed with other types of contributor information such as <address>, <aff>, <bio>, and <email>.
Best Practice In Citations: When a bibliographic citation includes information about the degrees held by a cited author, those degrees should typically be treated as text and not tagged.
<!ELEMENT degrees (#PCDATA %degrees-elements;)* >
(#PCDATA | email | ext-link | uri | inline-supplementary-material | related-article | related-object | hr | bold | fixed-case | italic | monospace | overline | overline-start | overline-end | roman | sans-serif | sc | strike | underline | underline-start | underline-end | ruby | alternatives | inline-graphic | private-char | chem-struct | inline-formula | tex-math | mml:math | abbrev | milestone-end | milestone-start | named-content | styled-content | fn | target | xref | sub | sup | x)*
Any combination of:
... <article-meta> ... <contrib-group> <contrib contrib-type="author"> <name><surname>Silverstein</surname> <given-names>Michael Q.</given-names></name> <aff id="UWW"> <institution>Department of Pathobiology University of WallieWash</institution> <addr-line>Oberlin, Washington 96204</addr-line> <country>USA</country> </aff> </contrib> <contrib contrib-type="author"> <name><surname>Taylor</surname> <given-names>James C.</given-names></name> <degrees>Ph D</degrees> <aff id="affKalakukko">Kalakukko Corporation</aff> <address> <institution>Kalakukko Corporation</institution> <addr-line>17 West Jefferson St.</addr-line> <addr-line>Suite 207</addr-line> <addr-line>New South Finland, MD 20856.</addr-line> <country>USA</country> <phone>(301) 754-5766</phone> <fax>(301) 754-5765</fax> <email>firstname.lastname@example.org</email> <uri>http://www.kalakukko.com</uri> </address> </contrib> </contrib-group> ... </article-meta> ...