Volume Number

Number of a journal (or other document) within a series.


Related Essay: For a discussion on the use of <volume>, see Ordinal Numbers.

The <volume> element may be used in two contexts: 1) as a part of the metadata describing the document itself, and 2) as part of a description of a cited work inside a bibliographic reference (<element-citation> or <mixed-citation>).


content-type Type of Content
seq Sequence
specific-use Specific Use
xml:lang Language

Related Elements

The related <volume-id> element is used to record an identifier, such as a DOI, that describes an entire volume of a journal or series.

Content Model

<!ELEMENT  volume       (#PCDATA %volume-elements;)*                 >

Expanded Content Model

(#PCDATA | email | ext-link | uri | inline-supplementary-material | related-article | related-object | hr | bold | italic | monospace | overline | overline-start | overline-end | roman | sans-serif | sc | strike | underline | underline-start | underline-end | alternatives | inline-graphic | private-char | chem-struct | inline-formula | tex-math | mml:math | abbrev | milestone-end | milestone-start | named-content | styled-content | fn | target | xref | sub | sup | x)*


Any combination of:

This element may be contained in:

<article-meta>, <element-citation>, <front-stub>, <mixed-citation>, <nlm-citation>, <product>, <related-article>, <related-object>

Example 1

In article metadata:

<article-id pub-id-type="pmid">10092260</article-id>
<article-title>Systematic review of day hospital care
for elderly people</article-title>
<pub-date pub-type="pub" iso-8601-date="1999-03-27">
<history><date date-type="accepted" iso-8601-date="1999-01-29">

Example 2

In an element-style bibliographic reference (punctuation and spacing removed):

<ref id="B8"><label>8</label>
<article-title>Effects and costs of day-care services
for the chronically ill: a randomized experiment</article-title>
<source>Medical Care</source>
<year iso-8601-date="1980">1980</year>
<pub-id pub-id-type="pmid">6772889</pub-id>

Example 3

In a mixed-style bibliographic reference (punctuation and spacing preserved):

<ref id="B8"><label>8</label>
<article-title>Effects and costs of day-care services
for the chronically ill: a randomized experiment</article-title>.
<source>Medical Care</source>
<year iso-8601-date="1980">1980</year>;
<pub-id pub-id-type="pmid">6772889</pub-id>.