Subordinate part of a title for a document or document component.
In Metadata: In the article metadata, the article subtitle and title are identified separately and tagged with two different elements, the <article-title> and <subtitle> elements.
In Citations: Within a bibliographic reference citation, the subtitle of a document cannot be preserved separately as this Tag Set identifies no cited-subtitle elements. How the subtitle should be tagged depends on how the citation is tagged.
For references tagged with either the <element-citation> or the <nlm-citation> elements, since these two models do not permit untagged text there are two choices:
For references tagged with the <mixed-citation> element, there are three choices:
Best Practice In Citations: Although this Tag Set cannot enforce either practice, retrieval performance will be enhanced if the subtitle for all cited material is consistently placed within the <article-title> element for journal articles and within the <source> element for book titles, proceedings titles, and other documents. When marked as either a <named-content> or left as untagged text, the subtitle is easy to lose to searching. It is also not always easy to identify, particularly with historical or foreign material, which part of a multipart title is the main title and which the subtitle.
<!ELEMENT subtitle (#PCDATA %subtitle-elements;)* >
(#PCDATA | email | ext-link | uri | inline-supplementary-material | related-article | related-object | hr | bold | fixed-case | italic | monospace | overline | overline-start | overline-end | roman | sans-serif | sc | strike | underline | underline-start | underline-end | ruby | alternatives | inline-graphic | private-char | chem-struct | inline-formula | tex-math | mml:math | abbrev | milestone-end | milestone-start | named-content | styled-content | fn | target | xref | sub | sup | x | break)*
Any combination of:
<article dtd-version="1.1d1"> <front> <article-meta> <title-group> <article-title>Adaptins <fn id="FN206"><p>Online version of this essay contains supplemental tabular material.</p></fn> </article-title> <subtitle>The Final Recount</subtitle> </title-group> ... </article-meta> </front> ... </article>