Body of the Document

Main textual portion of the document that conveys the narrative content.


The <body> of an article cannot repeat, but it takes a @specific-use attribute. This attribute should be used to indicate a very unusual article <body>, not the typical tagged narrative content. For example, a <body> could take a @specific-use attribute to indicate that the <body> is an untagged “bag of words” for indexing purposes, the <body> contains just undifferentiated OCR content, or the <body> is (artificially) tagged as a single paragraph which is acting as a text dump.


id Document Internal Identifier
specific-use Specific Use
xml:base Base

Related Elements

A journal article <article> may be divided into several components:

  1. the <front> (the metadata or header information, which contains both journal metadata [<journal-meta>] and article metadata [<article-meta>]);
  2. the <body> (the textual and graphical content of the article);
  3. any <back> (any ancillary information such as a glossary, reference list, or appendix);
  4. a <floats-group> (single container element some publishers and archives use to hold all floating elements such as figures and tables that are referenced in the article body or back matter); and
  5. either a series of <response> elements or a series of <sub-article> elements. (A <response> is a commentary on the article itself, such as a summation by an editor, an answer to a letter-article, or words from the author responding to peer-review comments. Sub-articles are articles such as news pieces, abstracts, or committee reports that are completely contained within a main article.)

Content Model

<!ELEMENT  body         %body-model;                                 >

Expanded Content Model

((address | alternatives | array | boxed-text | chem-struct-wrap | code | fig | fig-group | graphic | media | preformat | supplementary-material | table-wrap | table-wrap-group | disp-formula | disp-formula-group | def-list | list | tex-math | mml:math | p | related-article | related-object | ack | disp-quote | speech | statement | verse-group | x)*, (sec)*, sig-block?)


The following, in order:

This element may be contained in:

<article>, <response>, <sub-article>


<article dtd-version="1.1d1">
<sec sec-type="intro">
<p>Geriatric day hospitals developed rapidly in the United Kingdom in the 1960s
as an important component of care provision. The model has since been widely
applied in several Western countries. Day hospitals provide multidisciplinary
assessment and rehabilitation in an outpatient setting and have a pivotal
position between hospital and home based services. ...</p>
<sec sec-type="methods">
<p>The primary question addressed was ...</p>
<title>Inclusion criteria</title>
<p>We set out to identify all ...</p>
<title>Search strategy</title>
<p>We searched for ...</p>