<mml:math>: The top-level element for math tagged according to the MathML Tag Set.
MathML 2.0 and MathML 3.0: While MathML 3.0 is the preferred MathML version for new material, NISO JATS recognizes that many users have material in MathML 2.0, and MathML 2.0 will continue to be supported in this version of JATS. There are two distinct JATS DTDS, one for MathML 2.0 and one for MathML 3.0.
Changes to MathML: With one exception, the various elements and attributes of MathML used inside <mml:math> are not documented here, and the reader should refer to online documentation from the W3C and Design Science. The one exception is the <mml:annotation-xml> element. The content model for the <mml:annotation-xml> is normally “ANY”, but this causes difficulties in many editing tools, so this Tag Set has reduced the content model to one or more paragraphs: (p+).
MathML Namespacing: The vast majority of users of this Tag Set use the DTDs as their primary (or only) model, so this Tag Set is maintained to ensure that users of DTDs and DTD-based tools will work well. Because DTDs do not “play well” with namespaces, and most DTD-based tools are not namespace aware, the MathML namespace has been hardcoded to the prefix “mml” in the DTDs. This means that the element name, in the DTDs, really is <mml:math>. While this was the usual prefix when this Tag Set was originally established, the more frequently seen prefix is now “m”. Since XSD and RNG use “real” namespaces, this makes no difference to them, as to a namespace-aware processor a namespace prefix is only a placeholder. For DTD users, the element names in the MathML will need to be “mml” (for example, <mml:mfrac>), but tools can be set to provide that prefix and the essence of namespaces is that prefixes do not matter, so no harm is done.
Some current MathML viewers cannot handle MathML elements that are prefixed (using the tag <mml:msub> rather than the tag <msub>) unless the MathML namespace pseudo-attribute has been placed directly on the <mml:math> element (<mml:math xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML">); the presence of the namespace on the top-level element is not good enough. By default in this Tag Set, the namespace has been established as a #FIXED attribute on the <mml:math> element, but processors not using a DTD/schema cannot see defaulted or #FIXED attributes. For such processors, the MathML namespace attribute must be placed directly on all <mml:math> elements in the instance document.
<abbrev>, <abbrev-journal-title>, <abstract>, <ack>, <addr-line>, <aff>, <alternatives>, <alt-title>, <anonymous>, <app>, <app-group>, <article-title>, <attrib>, <award-id>, <bio>, <body>, <bold>, <boxed-text>, <chapter-title>, <chem-struct>, <collab>, <comment>, <compound-kwd-part>, <conf-acronym>, <conf-loc>, <conf-name>, <conf-num>, <conf-sponsor>, <conf-theme>, <copyright-statement>, <corresp>, <def-head>, <degrees>, <disp-formula>, <disp-quote>, <edition>, <element-citation>, <email>, <etal>, <ext-link>, <fax>, <fixed-case>, <funding-source>, <funding-statement>, <given-names>, <glossary>, <gov>, <history>, <inline-formula>, <inline-supplementary-material>, <institution>, <issue>, <issue-part>, <issue-sponsor>, <issue-title>, <italic>, <journal-subtitle>, <journal-title>, <kwd>, <label>, <license-p>, <meta-name>, <meta-value>, <mixed-citation>, <monospace>, <named-content>, <notes>, <on-behalf-of>, <overline>, <p>, <part-title>, <patent>, <phone>, <prefix>, <preformat>, <product>, <publisher-loc>, <publisher-name>, <rb>, <ref-list>, <related-article>, <related-object>, <role>, <roman>, <sans-serif>, <sc>, <sec>, <self-uri>, <series>, <series-text>, <series-title>, <sig>, <sig-block>, <source>, <speaker>, <std-organization>, <strike>, <string-conf>, <string-date>, <string-name>, <styled-content>, <sub>, <subject>, <subtitle>, <suffix>, <sup>, <supplement>, <surname>, <target>, <td>, <term>, <term-head>, <textual-form>, <th>, <title>, <trans-abstract>, <trans-source>, <trans-subtitle>, <trans-title>, <underline>, <unstructured-kwd-group>, <uri>, <verse-line>, <volume>, <volume-id>, <volume-series>, <xref>
A display formula inside a paragraph:
<article dtd-version="1.1d1"> <front>...</front> <body> ... <p>... This can be seen in the following summation: <disp-formula> <mml:math> <mml:semantics> <mml:mrow> <mml:munder> <mml:mo>∑</mml:mo> <mml:mi>m</mml:mi> </mml:munder> <mml:mrow> <mml:msub> <mml:mover accent='true'> <mml:mi>p</mml:mi> <mml:mo>˙</mml:mo> </mml:mover> <mml:mi>m</mml:mi> </mml:msub> <mml:mo>=</mml:mo> <mml:mn>0</mml:mn> </mml:mrow> </mml:mrow> </mml:semantics> </mml:math> </disp-formula> </p> ... </body> <back>...</back> </article>
Inline formula in an abstract:
... <abstract> <p>This is the third and last part of the volume devoted to solubility data of rare earth metal chlorides in water and in ternary and quaternary aqueous systems. Compilations of all available experimental data for each rare earth metal chloride are introduced with a corresponding critical evaluation. Every such evaluation contains a tabulated collection of all solubility results in water, a scheme of the water-rich part of the equilibrium <inline-formula> <mml:math display="inline" overflow="scroll"> <mml:mrow> <mml:mi mathvariant="normal">Ln</mml:mi> <mml:msub> <mml:mi mathvariant="normal">Cl</mml:mi> <mml:mn>3</mml:mn> </mml:msub> <mml:mo>–</mml:mo> <mml:msub> <mml:mi mathvariant="normal">H</mml:mi> <mml:mn>2</mml:mn> </mml:msub> <mml:mi mathvariant="normal">O</mml:mi> </mml:mrow> </mml:math> </inline-formula> phase diagram, solubility equation(s), a selection of suggested solubility data, and a brief discussion of the multicomponent systems. Because the ternary and quaternary systems were almost never studied more than once, no critical evaluations or systematic comparisons of such data were possible. Simple chlorides (no complexes) of Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm, Yb, and Lu are treated as the input substances. The literature (including a thorough coverage of papers in Chinese and Russian) has been covered through the middle of 2008.</p> </abstract> ...
Inline formula in a note:
... <ref id="c46"> <label>46.</label> <note> <p>The discretisation consists of 30 elements in the <italic>x</italic>-direction and 30 elements in the <italic>y</italic>-direction. This corresponds to 7442 DOF. The quadratic eigenvalue problems along the <inline-formula> <mml:math display="inline" overflow="scroll"> <mml:mrow> <mml:mi mathvariant="normal">Γ</mml:mi> <mml:mo>−</mml:mo> <mml:mi>X</mml:mi> </mml:mrow> </mml:math> </inline-formula> and X – M directions ... and the memory usage of 2.5 GB.</p> </note> </ref> ...