Alternate Title

An alternative or different version of the title of a work.


Usage: The alternative version of the title of a work is typically created so that the title can be processed in a specific way, for example, a short version of the title for use in a Table of Contents, an ASCII-only title for display on restricted devices, a left-running-head title for a print publication, etc.

Best Practice: This element should not be used for either the translated title <trans-title> (which is an alternative version of a title in another language) or the subtitle <subtitle> (which is an addition to the title).


alt-title-type Type of Alternate Title
id Document Internal Identifier
specific-use Specific Use
xml:base Base
xml:lang Language

Related Elements

There are several elements concerned with the title of an article, all contained within the container element <title-group> in the article metadata (<article-meta>):

Content Model

<!ELEMENT  alt-title    (#PCDATA %alt-title-elements;)*              >

Expanded Content Model

(#PCDATA | email | ext-link | uri | inline-supplementary-material | related-article | related-object | hr | bold | fixed-case | italic | monospace | overline | overline-start | overline-end | roman | sans-serif | sc | strike | underline | underline-start | underline-end | ruby | alternatives | inline-graphic | private-char | chem-struct | inline-formula | tex-math | mml:math | abbrev | milestone-end | milestone-start | named-content | styled-content | fn | target | xref | sub | sup | x | break)*


Any combination of:

This element may be contained in:


Example 1

Alternate title is for the running head:

<article-title>Factors Influencing Primary Hypertension
in Children</article-title>
<alt-title alt-title-type="left-running-head">Australian
Journal of Pediatric Care</alt-title>
<alt-title alt-title-type="right-running-head">Factors
Influencing Primary Hypertension in Children</alt-title>

Example 2

Alternate title a short version for a Table of Contents:

<article-title>Characterization of the Cryptic Lambdoid 
Prophage DLP12 of <italic>Escherichia coli</italic> and 
Overlap of the DLP12 Integrase Gene with the tRNA Gene 
<alt-title alt-title-type="short"><italic>E. COLI</italic> 
DLP12 AND OVERLAP of DLP12 <italic>int</italic> WITH 
<contrib contrib-type="author" corresp="no">
<given-names>David F.</given-names></name>
<contrib contrib-type="author" corresp="no" rid="fn1">
<given-names>David A.</given-names></name>
<fn id="fn1"><p>Present address:  Biology Department, Tulane University,
New Orleans, LA 70118</p></fn>