Translated Subtitle

Document or document component subtitle that has been translated into a language other than that of the original document or document component subtitle.


Best Practice: Within the article metadata, a grouping element (<trans-title-group>) has been added to keep related <trans-title>s and <trans-subtitle>s together. Best practice is now to place the language attribute (@xml:lang) on the container element <trans-title-group> rather than on this element. In bibliographic references — which do not allow <trans-title-group> — the @xml:lang attribute should be included on the <trans-title> element (and the translated subtitle subsumed within this title).

In Citations: Within bibliographic references (<element-citation> and <mixed-citation>), translated subtitles should be incorporated as part of the translated title (<trans-title>).

Historical Note: This element (<trans-subtitle>) was significantly remodeled from previous versions of this Tag Set. The current NISO JATS values are backwards compatible with the last NLM version, but not with earlier versions. Specifically, in prior versions, the <trans-subtitle> element was allowed outside the (new) <trans-title-group> container element.


id Document Internal Identifier
specific-use Specific Use
xml:base Base
xml:lang Language

Related Elements

There are several elements concerned with the title of an article, all contained within the container element <title-group> in the article metadata:

Content Model

<!ELEMENT  trans-subtitle
                        (#PCDATA %trans-subtitle-elements;)*         >

Expanded Content Model

(#PCDATA | email | ext-link | uri | inline-supplementary-material | related-article | related-object | hr | bold | fixed-case | italic | monospace | overline | overline-start | overline-end | roman | sans-serif | sc | strike | underline | underline-start | underline-end | ruby | alternatives | inline-graphic | private-char | chem-struct | inline-formula | tex-math | mml:math | abbrev | milestone-end | milestone-start | named-content | styled-content | fn | target | xref | sub | sup | x | break)*


Any combination of:

This element may be contained in:



No sample is available at this time.