Collaborative (Group) Author

Group of contributors credited under a single name; includes an organization credited as a contributor.


This element may contain either a collaboration of individuals or the name of an organization (such as a laboratory, educational institution, corporation, or department) when such a unit acts as a contributor by, for example, authoring the work.

Not to be confused with the element <contrib-group> which is a container element that holds information such as the names and affiliations of a group of individual contributors.

This element may be used within bibliographic references (<element-citation> and <mixed-citation>).


collab-type Type of Collaboration
id Document Internal Identifier
specific-use Specific Use
xlink:actuate Actuating the Link
xlink:href Href (Linking Mechanism)
xlink:role Role of the Link
xlink:show Showing the Link
xlink:title Title of the Link
xlink:type Type of Link
xmlns:xlink XLink Namespace Declaration
xml:base Base
xml:lang Language

Content Model

<!ELEMENT  collab       (#PCDATA %collab-elements;)*                 >

Expanded Content Model

(#PCDATA | inline-supplementary-material | related-article | related-object | addr-line | country | fax | institution | institution-wrap | phone | hr | break | contrib-group | address | aff | aff-alternatives | author-comment | bio | email | etal | ext-link | fn | on-behalf-of | role | uri | xref | bold | fixed-case | italic | monospace | overline | overline-start | overline-end | roman | sans-serif | sc | strike | underline | underline-start | underline-end | ruby | alternatives | inline-graphic | private-char | chem-struct | inline-formula | tex-math | mml:math | abbrev | milestone-end | milestone-start | named-content | styled-content | sub | sup | x)*


Any combination of:

This element may be contained in:

<collab-alternatives>, <contrib>, <element-citation>, <mixed-citation>, <nlm-citation>, <person-group>, <product>, <related-article>, <related-object>

Example 1

Collaboration as an author:

<contrib contrib-type="author">
<collab collab-type="committee">Technical Committee ISO/TC 108, 
Subcommittee SC 2</collab>
<fpage seq="1">1</fpage>
<date date-type="approved"

Example 2

Collaboration with internal semantic material tagged:

<contrib contrib-type="author">
<named-content content-type="program">Joint United
Nations Program on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS)</named-content>,
<institution>World Health Organization</institution>,
Geneva, <country>Switzerland</country>
<contrib contrib-type="author">
<named-content content-type="program">Nonoccupational HIV
PEP Task Force, Brown University AIDS Program</named-content>
and the <institution>Rhode Island Department of
Health</institution>, Providence, Rhode Island</collab>

Example 3

In an element-style bibliographic reference (punctuation and spacing removed):

<ref id="bid.1626">
<collab>The BAC Resource Consortium</collab>
<year iso-8601-date="2001">2001</year>
<article-title>Integration of cytogenetic landmarks into
the draft sequence of the human genome</article-title>
<pub-id pub-id-type="pmid">11237021</pub-id>

Example 4

In a mixed-style bibliographic reference (punctuation and spacing preserved):

<mixed-citation publication-type="report">
<collab>National High Blood Pressure Education Program
(US)</collab>. <source>The fourth report on the
diagnosis, evaluation, and  treatment of high blood
pressure in children and adolescents</source>.
<edition>Rev. ed</edition>. <publisher-loc>Bethesda
(MD)</publisher-loc>: <publisher-name>National Heart,
Lung, and Blood Institute (US)</publisher-name>;
<year iso-8601-date="2005">2005</year>.
<size units="pages">48 p</size>. (NIH publication;
no. 05-5267).</mixed-citation>

<ref id="c25">
<mixed-citation publication-type="report" publisher-type="government">
<collab>Federal Highway Administration</collab> (FHWA). 
(<year iso-8601-date="1992">1992</year>). &#x201C;<article-title>Evaluating 
scour at bridges</article-title>.&#x201D;  <source><italic>Hydr. Engrg. Circular 
No. 18</italic></source>: <gov><italic>FHWA-IP-90-017</italic></gov>, 
<institution>Office of Engineering, Bridge Div.</institution>, Washington, 
D.C. </mixed-citation>