One who utters one segment of a speech or dialog.


For example, the computer “HAL” is the speaker in the following exchange “HAL: ‘Hi Dave’”


content-type Type of Content
id Document Internal Identifier
specific-use Specific Use
xml:base Base
xml:lang Language

Related Elements

A <speech> is a container element that names the person, object or group speaking (<speaker> element), followed by one complete utterance, modeled as one or more paragraphs (<p>). These paragraphs need not be long text constructions, but may contain only a few words, as in the example “Hi Dave” above.

Content Model

<!ELEMENT  speaker      (#PCDATA %speaker-elements;)*                >

Expanded Content Model

(#PCDATA | email | ext-link | uri | inline-supplementary-material | related-article | related-object | hr | bold | fixed-case | italic | monospace | overline | overline-start | overline-end | roman | sans-serif | sc | strike | underline | underline-start | underline-end | ruby | alternatives | inline-graphic | private-char | chem-struct | inline-formula | tex-math | mml:math | abbrev | milestone-end | milestone-start | named-content | styled-content | fn | target | xref | sub | sup | x | degrees | given-names | prefix | surname | suffix)*


Any combination of:

This element may be contained in:



<p>The participants understood the purpose of their peer
response groups to be finding mistakes or problems in each
other&rsquo;s essays. ... Clara, one of the Chinese-speakers,
explains why she no longer believes the initial positive comments:
<p>I think Aeenoy start this way. I think she always do
this way, like say some good thing first. And then I know
the bad thing is coming.</p>
<p>So, why doe she do that?</p>
<p>I think it gives somebody self-esteem ...</p></speech>