Electronic Location Identifier

Bibliographic identifier for a document that does not have traditional printed page numbers.


This element acts in the same way as a page identifier for a document that does not have traditional page numbers; the value could be an article identifier, DOI, etc., for example, “E70”.

External Identifier: This element holds an external identifier, assigned to an article by a publisher, an archive, or library to help cite an article that is born digital and will never have page numbers. The contents of this element should not be confused with the @id attribute, which holds an internal document identifier that can be used by software to preform a simple link.


content-type Type of Content
id Document Internal Identifier
seq Sequence
specific-use Specific Use
xml:base Base

Related Elements

A number of elements in the Suite relate to page numbers:

Best Practice: The <page-range> is intended to record supplementary information and should not be used in the place of the <fpage> and <lpage> elements, which are typically needed for citation matching. The <page-range> element is merely a text string, containing such material as “8-11, 14-19, 40”, which would mean that the work began on page 8, ran through 11, skipped to page 14, ran through 19, and concluded on page 40.

Content Model

<!ELEMENT  elocation-id (#PCDATA)                                    >


Text, numbers, or special characters

This element may be contained in:

<article-meta>, <element-citation>, <front-stub>, <mixed-citation>, <product>, <related-article>, <related-object>


<elocation-id seq="1">051101</elocation-id>
<license license-type="ccc">
<page-count count="3"/>