Comment in a Citation
Container element for unstructured text within a bibliographic reference.
Usage: This element is not necessarily a comment in the formal sense of commentary.
In the <mixed-citation> element, text, numbers, and special characters such as punctuation are allowed everywhere, so the element <comment> will rarely be needed. Inside <mixed-citation>, any non-specific text can merely be left as untagged text.
In the <element-citation> element, the element <comment> can be used to contain additional information within a citation that is not appropriate in any of the other specific, named information elements. Typical comments might include:
<comment>[Abstract]</comment> <comment>translated from Russian</comment>
Best Practice: In <mixed-citation>s, the <comment> element should be used only to mark substantive text; it should not be used to mark punctuation that occurs between elements. In contrast, in <element-citation>s, the <comment> element can be used to preserve any text, spacing, remarks, or punctuation that will not fit in any of the named reference elements. Frequently, there is material at the end of an element-styled citation that can fit into a <comment>.
<!ELEMENT comment (#PCDATA %comment-elements;)* >
Expanded Content Model
(#PCDATA | email | ext-link | uri | inline-supplementary-material | related-article | related-object | bold | fixed-case | italic | monospace | overline | roman | sans-serif | sc | strike | underline | ruby | alternatives | inline-graphic | private-char | chem-struct | inline-formula | tex-math | mml:math | abbrev | milestone-end | milestone-start | named-content | styled-content | fn | target | xref | sub | sup)*
Any combination of:
- Text, numbers, or special characters
- Linking Elements
- <inline-supplementary-material> Inline Supplementary Material Metadata
- Related Material Elements
- Emphasis Elements
- <alternatives> Alternatives For Processing
- Inline Display Elements
- <chem-struct> Chemical Structure (Display)
- <inline-formula> Formula, Inline
- Math Elements
- Other Inline Elements
- <fn> Footnote
- <target> Target of an Internal Link
- <xref> X (cross) Reference
- Baseline Change Elements
This element may be contained in:
In an element-style bibliographic reference (punctuation and spacing removed):
... <ref> <element-citation publication-type="commun"> <person-group> <name><surname>Nightingale</surname> <given-names>Florence</given-names></name> </person-group> <comment>115 Park Street, W, [London, GB]</comment> <source>Letter to: Marquis Townshend</source> <year iso-8601-date="1864-07-27">1864</year> <month>Jul</month> <day>27</day> <size units="leaves">4 leaves</size> <comment>Located at: Modern Manuscripts Collection, History of Medicine Division, National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, MD; MS F 179</comment> <annotation><p>Nightingale responds to Townshend’s request on behalf of a Mrs. Montague for funds to support old nurses</p></annotation> </element-citation> </ref> ...