Label (of an Equation, Figure, Reference, etc.)
Number and/or prefix word placed at the beginning of display elements (for example, equation, statement, figure).
As an example, a label placed at the beginning of an equation (<disp-formula>) could be a number such as <label>Equation 3.</label>, <label>(3)</label>, or <label>3.</label>. A label before a statement such as a Proof or Lemma, could be a word such as <label>Proof</label> or <label>Hypothesis</label>.
Accessibility: Sometimes a <label> needs to be pronounced in a way that is not reflected in its content or its tagging. The @alt attribute can be used to record the pronunciation for screen readers and other accessibility devices. For example, the element figure that follows might be pronounced as “Figure 3”.
<label alt="figure 3">Fig III.</label>
<!ELEMENT label (#PCDATA %label-elements;)* >
Expanded Content Model
Text, numbers, or special characters, zero or more
For a hypothesis:
<article dtd-version="1.1"> <front>...</front> <body>... <p>Industrial buyers categorise foreign countries according to their level of technological achievement and subsequently differentiate their perceptions of these countries accordingly ... The following hypothesis is posited: <statement> <label>Hypothesis 1</label> <p>Buyer preferences for companies are influenced by factors extrinsic to the firm attributable to, and determined by, country-of-origin effects.</p> </statement> </p> ...</body> <back>...</back> </article>