Page Count

Total number of pages in a work in print; by convention, each page or partial page is counted as one. Electronic-only works do not traditionally have page counts.

Related Elements

A number of elements in the Suite relate to page numbers:
  • <fpage> names the page number on which a work begins;
  • <lpage> names the page number on which a work ends (which should be the same page number or a number larger than the starting page number);
  • <elocation-id> replaces the start and end page elements just described for electronic-only publications;
  • <page-range> records discontinuous page ranges; and
  • <page-count> holds the total page count, if the publisher has provided one. Typically this element records what the publisher said and makes no validity claim. The element <page-count> should be used only in metadata. The citation elements (<element-citation> or <mixed-citation>) use the element <size> to tag the total page count of a cited work. (Historical Note: The deprecated <nlm-citation> still uses the <page-count> element.)
Best Practice: The <page-range> is intended to record supplementary information and should not be used in the place of the <fpage> and <lpage> elements, which are typically needed for citation matching. The <page-range> element is merely a text string, containing such material as “8-11, 14-19, 40”, which would mean that the document began on page 8, ran through 11, skipped to page 14, ran through 19, and concluded on page 40.


Content Model

<!ELEMENT  page-count   EMPTY                                        >


This is an EMPTY element

This element may be contained in:


<nlm-citation publication-type="book">
<person-group person-group-type="author">
<given-names>Ruth A</given-names>
<source>A review of the medical benefits and contraindications
to breastfeeding in the United States [Internet]</source>
<year iso-8601-date="1997-10">1997</year>
<access-date>cited 2000 Apr 24</access-date>
<publisher-loc>Arlington (VA)</publisher-loc>
<publisher-name>National Center for Education in Maternal
and Child Health</publisher-name>
<page-count count="40" />
<comment>Available from:
<ext-link ext-link-type="url" xlink:href="www.ncemch.org/pubs/PDFs/