Textual unit or block; a textual paragraph.


This element does not have to be a well-formed paragraph as defined in high school English class, i.e., “a block of text representing a single idea, typographically differentiated from its neighbors”. Rather, the element <p> is a block (as opposed to inline) structural unit which may be only a few words in length.


Content Model

<!ELEMENT  p            (#PCDATA %p-elements;)*                      >

Expanded Content Model

(#PCDATA | email | ext-link | uri | inline-supplementary-material | related-article | related-object | boxed-text | chem-struct-wrap | code | fig | graphic | media | preformat | supplementary-material | table-wrap | disp-formula | disp-formula-group | citation-alternatives | element-citation | mixed-citation | nlm-citation | bold | fixed-case | italic | monospace | overline | roman | sans-serif | sc | strike | underline | ruby | award-id | funding-source | open-access | chem-struct | inline-formula | inline-graphic | private-char | def-list | list | mml:math | abbrev | named-content | styled-content | disp-quote | speech | statement | verse-group | fn | target | xref | sub | sup)*


Any combination of:

This element may be contained in:

Example 1

Typical paragraphs inside sections:
<article dtd-version="1.1">
<sec sec-type="intro">
<p>Geriatric day hospitals developed rapidly in the United Kingdom 
in the 1960s as an important component of care provision. The 
model has since been widely applied in several Western countries. 
Day hospitals provide multidisciplinary assessment and rehabilitation 
in an outpatient setting and have a pivotal position between hospital 
and home based services. Although there is considerable descriptive 
literature on day hospital care,<xref ref-type="bibr" rid="B1">1</xref> 
concern has been expressed that evidence for effectiveness is equivocal 
and that day hospital care is expensive.<xref ref-type="bibr" rid="B2">2</xref> 
We therefore undertook a systematic review of the randomised trials 
of day hospital care.</p>
<sec sec-type="methods">
<p>The primary question addressed was ...</p>
<title>Inclusion criteria</title>
<p>We set out to identify all ...</p>
<title>Search strategy</title>
<p>We searched for ...</p>

Example 2

The @content-type attribute may identify semantics or the role of the paragraph:
<p content-type="lead-paragraph">In the field of 
<named-content content-type="sem:AIPTh1.2" rid="kwd1.10">complex 
systems</named-content> study, new measurement and computational 
resources have lead to increased interest ...</p>