Access Date for Cited Work

This element is deprecated; avoid using it. Use <date-in-citation>.


The <access-date> element has been replaced by the <date-in-citation> element with a @content-type attribute value “access-date” that records the date on which the cited work was examined.

This element is an artifact, now used only within the <nlm-citation> element, which is deprecated. Use of this element is therefore also deprecated.

Some online resources are changing so quickly that a citation to the resource is not complete without the date on which the cited resource was examined, since a day before or a day later, the relevant material might be different. The <date-in-citation> element is now used to record such information inside <mixed-citation> and <element-citation> elements.


content-type Type of Content
id Document Internal Identifier
specific-use Specific Use
xml:base Base

Related Elements

Use <date-in-citation> to record information such as this inside a <element-citation> or <mixed-citation>.

Content Model

<!ELEMENT  access-date  (#PCDATA %access-date-elements;)*            >

Expanded Content Model

(#PCDATA | day | era | month | season | year | x)*


Any combination of:

This element may be contained in:



Used only in <nlm-citation>, an element-style bibliographic reference (punctuation and spacing removed):

<article dtd-version="1.1d1">
<nlm-citation publication-format="web">
<source>Hypertension, Dialysis &amp; Clinical
Nephrology [Internet]</source>
<year content-type="copyright-year"
<access-date>cited 2001 Mar 8</access-date>
<publisher-loc>Hinsdale (IL)</publisher-loc>
<publisher-name>Medtext, Inc.</publisher-name>
<comment>Available from: <ext-link ext-link-type="url"