Season of publication (for example, Spring, Third Quarter).


Related Essay: For a discussion on the use of <season>, see Dates in Citations.

Usage: This element is used in both article metadata and inside a bibliographic reference (<element-citation> or <mixed-citation>).


content-type Type of Content
id Document Internal Identifier
specific-use Specific Use
xml:base Base
xml:lang Language

Related Elements

In Citations: Within citations (<element-citation> and <mixed-citation>), this element is used to name the date of publication. The elements <year>, <date>, <day>, <month>, and <season> may all be used to describe the date a cited resource was published. Other dates inside a citation, such as a copyright date, the date on which the author accessed the resource, or a withdrawal date, should be tagged using <date-in-citation> with the @content-type attribute used to name the type of date (copyright, access-date, time-stamp, etc.).

Content Model

<!ELEMENT  season       (#PCDATA)                                    >


Text, numbers, or special characters

This element may be contained in:

<access-date>, <conf-date>, <date>, <date-in-citation>, <element-citation>, <mixed-citation>, <nlm-citation>, <product>, <pub-date>, <related-article>, <related-object>, <string-date>

Example 1

In article metadata:

<article-title>Raptor Science</article-title>
<subtitle>Capturing Cosmological &ldquo;Winks&rdquo;</subtitle>
<pub-date publication-format="print" date-type="pub" iso-8601-date="2003">
<year iso-8601-date="2003">2003</year>
<pub-date publication-format="electronic" date-type="pub" iso-8601-date="2003">
<year iso-8601-date="2003">2003</year>

Example 2

In an element-style bibliographic citation (punctuation and spacing removed):

<person-group person-group-type="author">
<article-title>Designing information-abundant web
sites: issues and recommendations</article-title>
<source>Web Developers' Journal</source>
<issue-title>World Wide Web Usability</issue-title>
<page-range>100-101, 105, 107-120</page-range>
<year iso-8601-date="1997">1997</year>