Biographical data concerning a contributor or the description of a collaboration.


In print publications, the biographical text associated with an article may not appear with the article metadata, which is typically displayed at the top or beginning of the article. For example, the biography may appear at the end of the article, in a sidebar, or collected with other biographies in a separate section of the publication. Biographies may be as short as a few words (tagged as a <p>) or as long as a section with internal subsections.
Usage: The XLink linking attribute @xlink:href may be used to point to a picture of the contributor, to a more complete vita, to his/her website, etc.


Content Model

<!ELEMENT  bio          %bio-model;                                  >

Expanded Content Model

(sec-meta?, label?, title?, (address | alternatives | array | boxed-text | chem-struct-wrap | code | fig | fig-group | graphic | media | preformat | supplementary-material | table-wrap | table-wrap-group | disp-formula | disp-formula-group | def-list | list | tex-math | mml:math | p | related-article | related-object | disp-quote | speech | statement | verse-group)*, (sec)*, (fn-group | glossary | ref-list)*)


This element may be contained in:

Example 1

Section-style <bio> with headed sections:
<contrib contrib-type="author">
<p>One of the most well-known Surgeons General of the United States 
(1982-1989), C. Everett Koop&rsquo;s illustrious career encompasses 
more than 35 years ...</p>
<p>Following his graduation from Dartmouth College (B.A., 1937), 
Koop received his M.D. degree ...</p>
<title>Medical Practice</title>
<p>Following his training, Koop joined the staff of Children&rsquo;s 
Hospital of Philadelphia as a pediatric surgeon ...</p>
<title>Government Office</title>
<p>Koop became Surgeon General in January 1982.  During his 
tenure, he was a strong advocate on public health issues such as 
the rights of the disabled, smoking, and ...</p>
<p>The same year as his appointment, controversy arose involving 
the treatment of a disabled newborn ...</p>

Example 2

<article dtd-version="1.1d3">
<contrib contrib-type="author">
<role>Designed electronic devices and protocols</role>
<xref ref-type="aff" rid="aff1"/>
<p><bold>Anne Forster</bold> is the current editor of
the <italic>OASIS Microwave Journal</italic>, responsible
for Technical Committee and Developments. She received
her BE and PhD in electrical engineering from the University 
of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia. Currently, she is professor 
in the School of Electronic Engineering at the University of
Finlandia, where she holds the chair in Microwave Electronics</p>
<p>She is a member of the technical program committee
for the International Microwave Symposium and a member
of the editorial board for the <italic>Mulberry Transactions 
on Microwave Theory and Technique</italic>. She has 
organized many workshops and taught many short courses 
on microwave signal integrity and wireless and RF design.</p>
<contrib contrib-type="author">...</contrib>