Named Special (Subject) Content

Word or phrase whose content/subject matter has distinct semantics or content-related significance.


In print or display, such semantic content is likely to be treated differently, for example, given a stand-out typographic style such as italics or background shading.

Related Elements

The related <styled-content> element may, in some instances, produce the same look on print or display as some <named-content> elements. Both mark content that has a visual distinction; the difference between the two elements is intent. If it is known that this word is in italics because it is a genus or species name, those semantics should be preserved with a <named-content> element with a @content-type attribute of “genus-species” or equivalent. The <styled-content> element would merely tell you that it was always in green shaded background style="green-shading".
Best Practice: Similarly, if a word is in italics because it is a foreign phrase, one very typical way to tag it would be as:
... remarkable for his <named-content 
xml:lang="fr">joie de vivre</named-content>
and lively expression. ...
Being web-only or print-only is not a stylistic matter, but rather a particular use, which should be tagged with the @specific-use attribute on the appropriate element, perhaps even on a <named-content> or <styled-content> element.


Content Model

<!ELEMENT  named-content
                        (#PCDATA %named-content-elements;)*          >

Expanded Content Model

(#PCDATA | email | ext-link | uri | inline-supplementary-material | related-article | related-object | address | alternatives | array | boxed-text | chem-struct-wrap | code | fig | fig-group | graphic | media | preformat | supplementary-material | table-wrap | table-wrap-group | disp-formula | disp-formula-group | bold | fixed-case | italic | monospace | overline | roman | sans-serif | sc | strike | underline | ruby | inline-graphic | private-char | chem-struct | inline-formula | def-list | list | tex-math | mml:math | abbrev | milestone-end | milestone-start | named-content | styled-content | fn | target | xref | sub | sup | disp-quote | speech | statement | verse-group)*


Any combination of:

This element may be contained in:

Example 1

Making more detailed distinctions within an address:
<contrib contrib-type="author">
<aff id="a4762">
<institution>The Ohio State University</institution>
<addr-line>Columbus, Ohio</addr-line>
<institution>The Ohio State University,
<named-content content-type="department">Department
of Family Medicine</named-content></institution>
<addr-line>2231 N. High St.</addr-line>
<addr-line><city>Columbus</city>, <state>OH</state>
<country country="US">United States</country>

Example 2

Making a simple biological nomenclature distinction:
<p>Profiling of
<named-content content-type="genus-species">Escherichia
coli</named-content> chromosome (PEC) described in the
Database version 2.27. Last update 17 September 2003. 
Available at <ext-link xlink:href="https://shigen.lab.nig.ac.jp/ecoli/pec" 
via the Internet Accessed: 5 November 2003</p>

Example 3

Used to hold RDF triples:
<p>... To given an idea how one might
construct a series of RDF-triples concerning information on
Wikipedia&reg; about &ldquo;March Madness&rdquo;, consider the

<named-content content-type="RDF subject">&lt;http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/March_madness&gt;
<named-content content-type="RDF predicate">&lt;http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/publisher&gt;
<named-content content-type="RDF object">"Wikipedia"

<named-content content-type="RDF subject">&lt;http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/March_madness&gt;
<named-content content-type="RDF predicate">&lt;http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/title&gt;
<named-content content-type="RDF object">"NCAA Men's Division I Basketball Championship"

<named-content content-type="RDF subject">&lt;http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/March_madness&gt;
<named-content content-type="RDF predicate">&lt;http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/subject&gt;
<named-content content-type="RDF object">"single elimination tournament"


Example 4

Making complicated biological nomenclature distinctions:
<p>... Here is the classification system for a common
vegetable, corn:
<named-content content-type="kingdom">Plantae
<named-content content-type="phylum">Anthophyta
<named-content content-type="class">Monocotyledonae
<named-content content-type="order">Commelinales
<named-content content-type="family">Poaceae
<named-content content-type="genus"><italic>Zea</italic>
<named-content content-type="species"><italic>Z.

Example 5

Preserving a publisher’s semantics for processing:
<p><named-content content-type="sem:AIPTh1.2" rid="kwd1.6">Dielectric</named-content> 
particles flowing through a microfluidic channel over a set of coplanar ...</p>
<p content-type="lead-paragraph">In the field of 
<named-content content-type="sem:AIPTh1.2" rid="kwd1.10">complex 
systems</named-content> study, new measurement and computational 
resources have lead to increased interest ...</p>