Heading or title for a structural element (for example, <sec>, <app>, <boxed-text>).

Related Elements

This element is not used for any article-level titles.


Content Model

<!ELEMENT  title        (#PCDATA %struct-title-elements;)*           >

Expanded Content Model

(#PCDATA | email | ext-link | uri | bold | fixed-case | italic | monospace | overline | roman | sans-serif | sc | strike | underline | ruby | alternatives | inline-graphic | chem-struct | inline-formula | mml:math | abbrev | named-content | styled-content | fn | target | xref | sub | sup | break | citation-alternatives | element-citation | mixed-citation | nlm-citation)*


This element may be contained in:

Example 1

In the narrative text, section titles:
<article dtd-version="1.2d1">
<sec sec-type="intro">
<p>Geriatric day hospitals developed rapidly in the United Kingdom 
in the 1960s as an important component of care provision. The 
model has since been widely applied in several Western countries. 
Day hospitals provide multidisciplinary assessment and rehabilitation 
in an outpatient setting and have a pivotal position between hospital 
and home based services. Although there is considerable descriptive 
literature on day hospital care,<xref ref-type="bibr" rid="B1">1</xref> 
concern has been expressed that evidence for effectiveness is equivocal 
and that day hospital care is expensive.<xref ref-type="bibr" rid="B2">2</xref> 
We therefore undertook a systematic review of the randomised trials 
of day hospital care.</p>
<sec sec-type="methods">
<p>The primary question addressed was ...</p>
<title>Inclusion criteria</title>
<p>We set out to identify all ...</p>
<title>Search strategy</title>
<p>We searched for ...</p>

Example 2

Title of a figure, which is part of the <caption>:
<sec sec-type="results">
<p>We identified 703 abstracts, of which 687 were 
not relevant ... Details of randomisation procedures,
treatment schedules, and numbers of patients followed
up are given on the <italic>BMJ</italic> website.</p>
<fig id="F1">
<title>Deaths among patients receiving day hospital care
or alternative services.</title>
<p>Odds ratios of death by end of follow up were calculated by 
fixed effects model. Heterogeneity between trials is presented as
<alt-text>Deaths in hospitals or with alternative services</alt-text>
<graphic xmlns:xlink="http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink"