Type of People in the Person Group

Role of the persons being named in <person-group> element (for example, author, editor, curator).


Attribute Contents: The @person-group-type attribute was designed to name the role of the contributor inside a <person-group>. This tag set has a fixed list of types such as (“allauthors”, “assignee”, “compiler”, “curator”, “director”, etc.).


Best Practice: When to Use @person-group-type - The person-group types values are an older and restricted set of contributor roles. Best Practice is to name the role using the <role> element inside <person-group>, rather than to use @person-group-type. Suggested practice is to tag the CRediT contributor role taxonomy term using the <role> element.
The major advantages of using <role> instead of @person-group-type are:
  • The ability to tie the content of the role to a formal vocabulary using the four JATS vocabulary attributes, and
  • the ability for a contributor to play more than one role in the creation of an article.
Even when not using a controlled vocabulary, it is always possible to substitute the element <role> for the attribute @person-group-type.
Roles defined by the CRediT taxonomy may include, for example, “Conceptualization” (ideas; formulation or evolution of overarching research goals and aims), “Data curation” (management activities to annotate [produce metadata], scrub data and maintain research data [including software code, where it is necessary for interpreting the data itself] for initial use and later reuse), or “Writing – original draft” (creation and/or presentation of the published work, specifically writing the initial draft).

Used on Element: <person-group>

allauthorsUsed to identify a complete list of authors when a subset of the author group is used elsewhere in the citation. This may occur, for example, when a citation identifies both a book and a chapter within the book.
assigneePersons to whom a patent is awarded.
authorContent creators.
compilerPersons who put together a composite work from multiple sources.
curatorPerson or group responsible for data curation or archival curation.
editorContent editors.
guest-editorContent editors that have been invited to edit all or part of a work.
illustratorCreator of the pictures, drawings, or other illustrations (includes photographer)
inventorIdea, software, or machine creators.
research-assistantAssisted with the scientific research that is the basis for a work
transedEditors of a translated version of a work.
translatorPersons who translated the cited work from one language into another.
Restriction@person-group-type is an optional attribute; there is no default.

Example 1

<person-group person-group-type="author">
<given-names>Ruth A</given-names></name>


Example 2

Using @person-group-type as well as the <role> element, which describes the function of the contributor using a CRediT taxonomy term:
<mixed-citation publisher-type="gov">
<person-group person-group-type="author">
<given-names>John C</given-names>
(<role vocab="CRediT" 
  vocab-term="Writing &#8212; Original Draft"
>sole author</role>),   
<aff>Texas Heart Institute, Houston, TX</aff>
<gov>Report No.: NIH-N01-HV-5-3006-4-VI. Contract No.
<source>ALVAD: 1980. A comprehensive final report to NHLI</source>.
Vol. <volume>1</volume>. ...</mixed-citation>