Collaborative (Group) Author

Group of contributors credited under a single name, such as an organization credited as a contributor.


This element may contain either a collaboration of individuals or the name of an organization (such as a laboratory, educational institution, corporation, or department) when such a unit acts as a contributor by, for example, authoring the work.
Not to be confused with the element <contrib-group> which is a container element that holds information such as the names and affiliations of a group of individual contributors.
This element may be used within bibliographic references (<element-citation> and <mixed-citation>).


Content Model

<!ELEMENT  collab       (#PCDATA %collab-elements;)*                 >

Expanded Content Model

(#PCDATA | bold | fixed-case | italic | monospace | overline | roman | sans-serif | sc | strike | underline | ruby | sub | sup | addr-line | city | country | fax | institution | institution-wrap | phone | postal-code | state | address | aff | aff-alternatives | author-comment | bio | email | ext-link | on-behalf-of | role | uri | xref)*


This element may be contained in:

Example 1

Collaboration with internal semantic material tagged:
<contrib contrib-type="author">
<collab>Joint United Nations Program on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS),
<institution>World Health Organization</institution>, Geneva, 
<contrib contrib-type="author">
<collab>Nonoccupational HIV PEP Task Force, Brown University
AIDS Program and the <institution>Rhode Island Department
of Health</institution>, Providence, Rhode Island</collab>

Example 2

In an element-style bibliographic citation (punctuation and spacing removed):
<element-citation publication-type="report">
<collab>National High Blood Pressure Education Program
<source>The fourth report on the diagnosis, evaluation,
and treatment of high blood pressure in children and
<edition>Rev. ed</edition>
<publisher-loc>Bethesda (MD)</publisher-loc>
<publisher-name>National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute
<year iso-8601-date="2005">2005</year>
<size units="pages">48 p</size>
<comment>(NIH publication; no. 05-5267)</comment>

Example 3

In a mixed-style bibliographic citation (punctuation and spacing preserved):
<ref id="B1">
<mixed-citation publication-type="book">
<collab>Research Unit of the Royal
College of Physicians and British
Geriatric Society</collab>.
<source>Geriatric day hospitals: their role
and guidelines for good
<year iso-8601-date="1994">1994</year>.
<ref id="c25">
<mixed-citation publication-type="report" publisher-type="government">
<collab>Federal Highway Administration</collab> (FHWA). 
(<year iso-8601-date="1992">1992</year>). &#x201C;<article-title>Evaluating 
scour at bridges</article-title>.&#x201D; <source><italic>Hydr. Engrg. Circular 
No. 18</italic></source>: <gov><italic>FHWA-IP-90-017</italic></gov>, 
<institution>Office of Engineering, Bridge Div.</institution>, Washington,