Table Wrapper

Wrapper element for a complete table, including the tabular material (rows and columns), caption (including title), footnotes, and alternative descriptions of the table for purposes of accessibility.


Table Content: This element has been designed to capture a construct named “table”, whether that structure contains an explicit <table> element (from the NISO JATS XHTM™-inspired table model) contains non-tabular structures such as graphics, lists, or paragraphs. Many publishers associate table captions and table numbers with material that is not explicitly tabular.
Related Essay: For a discussion on the use of <table-wrap>, see Table and Table Wrapper.
Within the <table-wrap> element, the row and column tags that describe the table cells should be defined by the NISO JATS table model.
Design Note: Many journal tag sets use an element called “Table Footnote” (with a tag such as <tblfn>) for footnotes inside a table. This Tag Set uses <fn> inside tables, as well as everywhere else, relying instead on context to differentiate table footnotes. Footnotes inside a <table-wrap> are assumed to be footnotes to the table and, as part of the table, are displayed at the bottom of the table, usually as part of the <table-wrap-foot>, rather than at the bottom of the page or otherwise separated from the display of the table. In fact, an author can put both referenced footnotes and unreferenced paragraphs directly into the <table-wrap-foot>.
Position: The @position attribute may be used to indicate whether a <table-wrap> must be anchored at its exact location within the text or whether it may float, for example, to the top of the next page, into the next column, to the end of a logical file, or within a separate window.
NISO JATS Table Processing Note: In building the NISO JATS table model from the XHTML model, the <caption> element was removed from within the <table> element, because, in the NISO JATS Tag Suite, the <caption> element has been made part of the <table-wrap> element.

Related Elements

The <table> element is an element should be defined by the NISO JATS table model, which is based on and designed to be converted easily to the XHTML 1.1 table model. This element is not, in itself, a full table, but only the rows and columns portions of a table. A full table may have other features, such as a title, caption, table footnotes, etc. The <table-wrap> element contains the full table, that is, both rows and columns as well as captions and footers. A full table (<table-wrap>) may or may not include an actual <table> element within it, since other constructions, such as 2-part lists, may also be given table titles, captions, etc.


Content Model

<!ELEMENT  table-wrap   %table-wrap-model;                           >

Expanded Content Model

((object-id)*, (caption)?, (alt-text | long-desc)*, (disp-quote | speech | statement | verse-group | def-list | list | alternatives | chem-struct-wrap | code | disp-formula | graphic | media | preformat | table)*, table-wrap-foot?, attrib?, permissions?)


This element may be contained in:

Example 1

A table wrapper containing the label and caption for a <table>:
<table-wrap id="t2" orientation="portrait" position="float">
<p>Models to approximate the bound frequencies as waves 
in X→M (<inline-graphic id="g1" xlink:href="d1"/>: Rotational, 
<inline-graphic id="g2" xlink:href="d2"/>: Vibrate in <italic>y</italic> 
direction, <inline-graphic id="g3" xlink:href="d3"/>: Vibrate in
<italic>x</italic> direction, <inline-graphic id="g4" xlink:href="d4"/>: 
Vibrate mainly in <italic>y</italic> direction including a small 
portion of vibration in <italic>x</italic> direction, 
<inline-graphic id="g5" xlink:href="d5"/>: Vibrate mainly in 
<italic>x</italic> direction including a small portion of vibration 
in <italic>y</italic> direction).</p>
<table border="1">...</table>

Example 2

A table wrapper showing the interior table:
<table-wrap id="TN0.170">
<title>Patient Care at End of Follow Up</title>
<p>Numbers of patients receiving institutional
care ...</p>
<table frame="box" rules="all" cellpadding="5">

<th colspan="3" align="center"
rowspan="1">Institutional care</th>
<th colspan="2" align="center"
rowspan="1">&#x2003;Bed use (days)</th>


<td align="center">208/1224</td>
<td align="center">244/1214</td>
<td align="center">0.77 (0.52 to 1.13)</td>
<td align="center">15.0</td>
<td align="center">16.4</td>

<fn id="TF1-150"><p>Data not available for 1 trial.</p></fn>
<fn id="TF1-151"><p>P&#x003C;0.05 (random effects model).</p></fn>