Publication Date

Container element for the parts of a single date associated with an article’s publication (for example, date preprint was released, date article was published in print).


As part of the article metadata (<article-meta>), the element <pub-date> is allowed to repeat; each repetition can take a different @publication-format attribute to distinguish which form of publication, for example, print publication, electronic publication, etc. and a @date-type attribute to distinguish between preprint, publication, revision received, etc.


calendar Calendar
date-type Type of Date
id Document Internal Identifier
iso-8601-date ISO-8601 Formatted Date
publication-format Format of Publication
pub-type Type of Publication
xml:base Base
xml:lang Language

Content Model

<!ELEMENT  pub-date     %pub-date-model;                             >

Expanded Content Model

(((day?, month?) | season)?, year, era?)


The following, in order:

This element may be contained in:


<article-id pub-id-type="pmid">...</article-id>
<aff id="StLukes">...</aff>
<pub-date publication-format="print" date-type="pub" iso-8601-date="1999-03-27">
<date date-type="accepted" iso-8601-date="1999-01-29">
<copyright-statement>Copyright &#x00A9; 1999, British
Medical Journal</copyright-statement>
<copyright-holder>British Medical Journal</copyright-holder>
<p>To examine the effectiveness of
day hospital attendance in prolonging independent living for elderly