<pub-date> Publication Date

Container element for the parts of a single date associated with an article’s publication (for example, date preprint was released, date article was published in print).


Of all the dates concerning an article, the publication date is the most important, for discovery, credit, Crossref and other authority registration, and other uses. Therefore the publication date is tagged using its own semantic <pub-date> element, rather than as a <date> element.
As part of the article metadata (<article-meta>), the element <pub-date> is allowed to repeat; each repetition can take a different @publication-format attribute to distinguish which form of publication (for example, print publication, electronic publication, ePub) and a @date-type attribute to distinguish between preprint, publication, re-release, etc.

Base Attributes

Models and Context
May be contained in
The following, in order:
Content Model
<!ELEMENT  pub-date     %pub-date-model;                             >
Expanded Content Model

(((day?, month?) | season)?, year, era?)

Tagged Samples
Article metadata print publication
 <article-id pub-id-type="pmid">...</article-id>
 <aff id="StLukes">...</aff>
 <pub-date publication-format="print" date-type="pub" iso-8601-date="1999-03-27">
  <date date-type="accepted" iso-8601-date="1999-01-29">
  <copyright-statement>Copyright &#x00A9; 1999, British
   Medical Journal</copyright-statement>
  <copyright-holder>British Medical Journal</copyright-holder>
  <p>To examine the effectiveness of day hospital attendance 
   in prolonging independent living for elderly people.</p>
Article metadata multiple publication dates
 <pub-date publication-format="electronic" date-type="pub" iso-8601-date="2015-10-30">

 <pub-date publication-format="print" date-type="pub" iso-8601-date="2016-01-01">
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