One exchange (a single speech) in a real or imaginary conversation between two or more entities.
For example, the conversation may be between an interviewer and the person being interviewed, between a nurse and a patient, or between a person and a computer. Each time a new speaker takes over, a new <speech> starts, which names the speaker (<speaker>) and then contains one or more paragraphs (<p>) that hold what speaker said.
In this Suite, a speech is not part of any particular larger element structure; a speech is just one identified fragment of the whole conversation.
A <speech> is modeled to name the speaker, followed by a minimum of one full paragraph to contain the speech’s text, even if what is spoken is only a few words, for example:
In the circumstance in which many voices are heard as one, for example, “All the Kings Men” or “Tom and Jerry”, the combination is considered to be a single speaker.
Models and Context
May be contained in
<!ELEMENT speech %speech-model; >
Expanded Content Model
((object-id)*, speaker, (p)+)
... <body> ... <p>The participants understood the purpose of their peer response groups to be finding mistakes or problems in each other’s essays. ... Clara, one of the Chinese-speakers, explains why she no longer believes the initial positive comments: <speech> <speaker>S:</speaker> <p>I think Aeenoy start this way. I think she always do this way, like say some good thing first. And then I know the bad thing is coming.</p></speech> <speech> <speaker>I:</speaker> <p>So, why doe she do that?</p></speech> <speech> <speaker>S:</speaker> <p>I think it gives somebody self-esteem ...</p></speech> </p> ... </body> ...
In <disp-quote> with attribution
... <disp-quote> <speech> <speaker>Suda:</speaker> <p>I will ask now Kakizawa from Your Party, is it possible [for your party] to merge with the Japan Restoration Party, this [topic] has also become now the focus of the news.</p> </speech> <speech> <speaker>Kakizawa:</speaker> <p>When appearing on this program I looked forward enormously to decide on this, well, it is up to [their] policy, policy is important.</p> </speech> <attrib>(<italic>Shin Hōdō 2001</italic>, November 25, 2012)</attrib> </disp-quote> ...