Answer to a Question

The correct answer to a question.


Best Practice: The <answer> element is used when there is only one way to answer the question. If there is more than one way to answer or if multiple options are to be presented for the student to choose among, the <option> element should be used.
Questions (<question>) may be associated with their answers (<answer>) using the Pointer to Question attribute on the <answer>.

Related Elements

The <option> element lists the choices possible for a multiple-choice question. One or more of these <option>s may be marked as correct. In contrast, the <answer> element is the correct answer to a question.
True/False Questions: This Tag Set allows a True/False question to be interpreted in 2 ways and therefore tagged either as:
There is no best practice here; either of these options should be considered an acceptable way to tag a True/False question. Which one a BITS user chooses must depend on the application. There is a subtle semantic distinction between multiple-choice and true/false, and there may also be system-specific processing requirements.


Content Model

<!ELEMENT  answer       %answer-model;                               >

Expanded Content Model

((object-id)*, label?, title?, subtitle*, alt-title*, ((sec)+ | ((address | alternatives | answer | answer-set | array | boxed-text | chem-struct-wrap | code | fig | fig-group | graphic | media | name-address-wrap | preformat | question | question-wrap | question-wrap-group | supplementary-material | table-wrap | table-wrap-group | disp-formula | disp-formula-group | def-list | list | tex-math | mml:math | p | related-article | related-object | ack | disp-quote | speech | statement | verse-group | x)+, (sec)*)), (notes | fn-group | glossary | ref-list | sig-block)*, explanation*)


The following, in order:

This element may be contained in:

Example 1

True/False style question, tagged as an answer:
<sec id="sec45">...
<question id="q2" question-response-type="true-false">
<p>Peregrine White was the first English 
child born in North America.</p>
<answer pointer-to-question="q2" id="ans2"><p>False</p></answer>
<explanation pointer-to-explained="ans2">
<p>The first English child born in North America was 
Virginia Dare.  She was born in August 1587, in the 
short-lived colony of Roanoke.  Although the settlement 
was later abandoned and the fate of its inhabitants a 
mystery, records brought to England by her grandfather, 
the governor of the colony, later in 1587 note her birth 
and baptism.  Born in November 1620, Peregrine White 
was the first child born in the Plymouth colony.</p>

Example 2

A “short-answer” question:
<question id="q3" question-response-type="short-answer">
<p>Who is considered the &ldquo;Father of the Constitution&rdquo;?</p>
<answer pointer-to-question="q3" id="ans3"><p>James Madison</p></answer>
<explanation pointer-to-explained="ans3">
<p>James Madison played a critical role in the ratification 
of the Constitution by authoring essays (now considered part 
of the <italic>Federalist Papers</italic>) in support of the 
new Constitution&rsquo;s adoption.  In addition, Madison 
authored the first amendments to the Constitution guaranteeing 
individual rights; these amendments are called the &ldquo;Bill 
of Rights&rdquo;.</p>