Book-level Page Count

Total number of pages in a work in print; by convention, each page or partial page is counted as one. Electronic-only works do not traditionally have page counts.


The book count may be used in two ways:
  • as an EMPTY element, with the @count attribute holding the number of items counted; or
  • with content, which can indicate addiitonal information about the count. For example, a <book-count> value of “vi+330” might indicate that there are six (vi) pages numbered in Roman numerals (pages i to vi) and 338 pages numbered in Arabic numerals (pages 1 to 330) for a total of 336 pages, so the value of the @count attribute could be 336:
    <book-page-count count="336">vi+330</book-page-count>
Inside the <counts> container element are the counts of various components in the book or book part: the generic count element <book-count> (for which the @count-type names what is being counted) and the specific named counting elements: the <book-fig-count> is the number of figures, the <book-table-count> is the number of tables, the <book-equation-count> is the number of display equations, the <book-ref-count> is either the number of references or (more properly) the number of citations in the bibliographic reference list, the <book-page-count> is the total page count, and the <book-word-count> is the number of words in the work.
The <book-page-count> cannot be used inside citations (<element-citation> or <mixed-citation>); instead use the element <size>.

Related Elements

A number of elements in the Suite relate to page numbers:
  • <fpage> names the page number on which a work begins;
  • <lpage> names the page number on which a work ends (which should be the same page number or a number larger than the starting page number);
  • <elocation-id> replaces the start and end page elements just described for electronic-only publications;
  • <page-range> records discontinuous page ranges; and
  • <book-page-count> holds the total page count, if the publisher has provided one. Typically this element records what the publisher said and makes no validity claim. The element <book-page-count> should be used only in metadata. The citation elements (<element-citation> or <mixed-citation>) use the element <size> to tag the total page count of a cited work.
Best Practice: The <page-range> is intended to record supplementary information and should not be used in the place of the <fpage> and <lpage> elements, which are typically needed for citation matching. The <page-range> element is merely a text string, containing such material as “8-11, 14-19, 40”, which would mean that the document began on page 8, ran through 11, skipped to page 14, ran through 19, and concluded on page 40.


Content Model

<!ELEMENT  book-page-count   
                        %book-page-count-model;                      >

Expanded Content Model



Text, numbers, or special characters

This element may be contained in:

Example 1

A simple count of the number of pages (in an attribute):
<book-id book-id-type="publisher">handbook-648</book-id>...
<book-count count-type="contributors" count="4"/>
<book-fig-count count="98"/>
<book-table-count count="40"/>
<book-equation-count count="346"/>
<book-ref-count count="115"/>
<book-page-count count="532"/>
<book-word-count count="149852"/>

Example 2

In BITS books, a page count need not be empty, but can express information:
<book-id book-id-type="publisher">handbook-648</book-id>...
<book-count count-type="features" 
count="46">16 maps and 30 portraits</book-count>
<book-fig-count count="24">9 fullpage plates with 
tissue guards and 15 large vignettes</book-fig-count>
<book-table-count count="40">36 tables and 4 arrays</book-table-count>
<book-equation-count count="78">70 numbered and 8 unnumbered</book-equation-count>
<book-ref-count count="115">115 cited references plus 38 additional reading</book-ref-count>
<book-page-count count="532">xxxii,500</book-page-count>
<book-word-count count="349852">349,852 words not including appendices</book-word-count>