Qualifiers that follow a person’s name (for example, Sr., Jr., III, 3rd).


Best Practice: The <suffix> element should be used for parts of people’s names, not for degrees, such as Ph.D. or DDS. The academic degrees are part of the information that is known about a contributor, not part of the name of the contributor, and should take the <degrees> element. Degree and certification information may be placed directly following the person’s name within the contributor information:
<contrib contrib-type="..." corresp="yes">


Content Model

<!ELEMENT  suffix       (#PCDATA %suffix-elements;)*                 >

Expanded Content Model

(#PCDATA | email | ext-link | uri | inline-supplementary-material | related-article | related-object | hr | bold | fixed-case | italic | monospace | overline | overline-start | overline-end | roman | sans-serif | sc | serif | strike | underline | underline-start | underline-end | ruby | alternatives | inline-graphic | private-char | chem-struct | inline-formula | tex-math | mml:math | abbrev | index-term | index-term-range-end | milestone-end | milestone-start | named-content | styled-content | fn | target | xref | sub | sup | x)*


This element may be contained in:

Example 1

In an element-style bibliographic reference (punctuation and spacing removed):
<ref id="bid.2012">
<given-names>P A</given-names></name>
<given-names>H T</given-names></name>
<article-title>Nearest-neighbor thermodynamics and NMR
of DNA sequences with internal A.A. C.C, G.G, and T.T
<year iso-8601-date="1999">1999</year>
<pub-id pub-id-type="pmid">10090733</pub-id>

Example 2

In a mixed-style bibliographic reference (punctuation and spacing preserved):
<ref id="bid.2012">
<given-names>P A</given-names></string-name>, 
<given-names>H T</given-names></string-name>, 
<article-title>Nearest-neighbor thermodynamics and NMR
of DNA sequences with internal A.A. C.C, G.G, and T.T
mismatches</article-title>. <source>Biochemistry</source>
<year iso-8601-date="1999">1999</year>; <volume>38</volume>:
<pub-id pub-id-type="pmid">10090733</pub-id>.