Biographical data concerning a contributor or the description of a collaboration.


In print publications, the biographical text associated with a book or book part may not appear with the book metadata; for example, it may appear at the beginning of a chapter, in a sidebar, in a contributor’s list, or collected with other biographies in a separate book component at the end of the book. Biographies may be as short as a few words (tagged as a <p>) or as long as a section with internal subsections.
Usage: The XLink linking attribute @xlink:href may be used to point to a picture of the contributor, to a more complete vita, to his/her website, etc.


Content Model

<!ELEMENT  bio          %bio-model;                                  >

Expanded Content Model

((object-id)*, (sec-meta?, label?, title?, subtitle*, alt-title*, (address | alternatives | answer | answer-set | array | boxed-text | chem-struct-wrap | code | explanation | fig | fig-group | graphic | media | name-address-wrap | preformat | question | question-wrap | question-wrap-group | supplementary-material | table-wrap | table-wrap-group | disp-formula | disp-formula-group | def-list | list | tex-math | mml:math | p | related-article | related-object | ack | disp-quote | speech | statement | verse-group | x)*, (sec)*, (notes | fn-group | glossary | ref-list | sig-block)*))


The following, in order:

This element may be contained in:

Example 1

Simple one-paragraph <bio>:
<contrib contrib-type="author">
<role>Designed electronic devices and protocols</role>
<p><bold>Anne Forster</bold> is the current editor of the 
<italic>OASIS Microwave Journal</italic>, responsible for 
Technical Committee and Developments. She received her 
BE and PhD in electrical engineering from the University of 
Queensland, Brisbane, Australia. Currently, she is professor 
in the School of Electronic Engineering at the University of
Finlandia, where she holds the chair in Microwave Electronics</p>
<p>She is a member of the technical program committee for 
the International Microwave Symposium and a member of 
the editorial board for the <italic>Mulberry Transactions on 
Microwave Theory and Technique</italic>. She has organized 
many workshops and taught many short courses on microwave 
signal integrity and wireless and RF design.</p>
<contrib contrib-type="author">...</contrib>

Example 2

Section-style <bio> with headed sections:
<contrib contrib-type="author">
<p>One of the most well-known Surgeons General of the
United States (1982-1989), C. Everett Koop&rsquo;s illustrious
career encompasses more than 35 years ...</p>
<p>Following his graduation from Dartmouth College (B.A.,
1937), Koop received his M.D. degree ...</p>
<title>Medical Practice</title>
<p>Following his training, Koop joined the staff of Children&rsquo;s 
Hospital of Philadelphia as a pediatric surgeon; in 1946 he became 
<title>Government Office</title>
<p>Koop became Surgeon General in January 1982.  During his 
tenure, he was a strong advocate on public health issues such as 
the rights of the disabled, smoking, and ...</p>
<p>The same year as his appointment, controversy arose involving 
the treatment of a disabled newborn ...