<answer> Answer to a Question

The correct answer to a question.


Best Practice

The <answer> element is used when there is only one way to answer the question. If there is more than one way to answer or if multiple options are to be presented for the student to choose among, the <option> element should be used.
Questions (<question>) may be associated with their answers (<answer>) using the Pointer to Question attribute on the <answer>.
Related Elements
The <option> element lists the choices possible for a multiple-choice question. One or more of these <option>s may be marked as correct. In contrast, the <answer> element is the correct answer to a question.
True/False Questions: This Tag Set allows a True/False question to be interpreted in 2 ways and therefore tagged either as:
There is no best practice here; either of these options should be considered an acceptable way to tag a True/False question. Which one a JATS user chooses must depend on the application. There is a subtle semantic distinction between multiple-choice and true/false, and there may also be system-specific processing requirements.

Base Attributes

Models and Context
May be contained in
The following, in order:
Content Model
<!ELEMENT  answer       %answer-model;                               >
Expanded Content Model

((object-id)*, label?, title?, subtitle*, alt-title*, ((sec)+ | ((address | alternatives | answer | answer-set | array | block-alternatives | boxed-text | chem-struct-wrap | code | fig | fig-group | graphic | media | preformat | question | question-wrap | question-wrap-group | supplementary-material | table-wrap | table-wrap-group | disp-formula | disp-formula-group | def-list | list | tex-math | mml:math | p | related-article | related-object | ack | disp-quote | speech | statement | verse-group | x)+, (sec)*)), (notes | fn-group | glossary | ref-list)*, explanation*)

Tagged Samples
True/False question
<sec id="sec45">
  <question id="q2" question-response-type="true-false">
   <p>Peregrine White was the first English 
    child born in North America.</p>
   <answer pointer-to-question="q2" id="ans2">
  <explanation pointer-to-explained="ans2">
   <p>The first English child born in North America was 
    Virginia Dare.  She was born in August 1587, in the 
    short-lived colony of Roanoke.  Although the settlement 
    was later abandoned and the fate of its inhabitants a 
    mystery, records brought to England by her grandfather, 
    the governor of the colony, later in 1587 note her birth 
    and baptism.  Born in November 1620, Peregrine White 
    was the first child born in the Plymouth colony.</p>
“short-answer” question
 <question id="q3" question-response-type="short-answer">
  <p>Who is considered the &ldquo;Father of the United States Constitution&rdquo;?</p>
  <answer pointer-to-question="q3" id="ans3"><p>James Madison</p></answer>
 <explanation pointer-to-explained="ans3">
  <p>James Madison played a critical role in the ratification 
   of the United States Constitution by authoring essays (now considered part 
   of the <italic>Federalist Papers</italic>) in support of the 
   new United States Constitution&rsquo;s adoption.  In addition, Madison 
   authored the first amendments to the United States Constitution guaranteeing 
   individual rights; these amendments are called the &ldquo;Bill 
   of Rights&rdquo;.</p>
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