<hr> Horizontal Rule

An explicit horizontal rule.


Best Practice

This element was retained when NISO JATS adapted and modified the XHTML 1.1 table model, and thus it should be restricted to use inside table cells (<td> and <th>), even though this Tag Set allows more widespread usage.

Base Attributes

Models and Context
May be contained in
<abbrev>, <abbrev-journal-title>, <addr-line>, <aff>, <alt-title>, <anonymous>, <article-title>, <attrib>, <award-id>, <bold>, <chapter-title>, <chem-struct>, <collab>, <comment>, <compound-kwd-part>, <conf-acronym>, <conf-loc>, <conf-name>, <conf-num>, <conf-sponsor>, <conf-theme>, <copyright-statement>, <corresp>, <def-head>, <degrees>, <disp-formula>, <edition>, <element-citation>, <email>, <etal>, <ext-link>, <fax>, <fixed-case>, <funding-source>, <funding-statement>, <given-names>, <gov>, <history>, <inline-formula>, <inline-supplementary-material>, <institution>, <issue>, <issue-part>, <issue-sponsor>, <issue-subtitle>, <issue-title>, <italic>, <journal-subtitle>, <journal-title>, <kwd>, <label>, <license-p>, <meta-name>, <meta-value>, <mixed-citation>, <monospace>, <named-content>, <on-behalf-of>, <overline>, <p>, <part-title>, <patent>, <phone>, <prefix>, <preformat>, <product>, <publisher-loc>, <publisher-name>, <rb>, <related-article>, <related-object>, <role>, <roman>, <sans-serif>, <sc>, <see>, <see-also>, <self-uri>, <series>, <series-text>, <series-title>, <sig>, <sig-block>, <source>, <speaker>, <std-organization>, <strike>, <string-conf>, <string-date>, <string-name>, <styled-content>, <sub>, <subject>, <subtitle>, <suffix>, <sup>, <supplement>, <support-source>, <surname>, <target>, <td>, <term>, <term-head>, <th>, <title>, <trans-source>, <trans-subtitle>, <trans-title>, <underline>, <unstructured-kwd-group>, <uri>, <verse-line>, <version>, <volume>, <volume-id>, <volume-series>, <xref>
This is an EMPTY element
Content Model
<!ELEMENT  hr           EMPTY                                        >
Tagged Sample

Spanning table columns

<table-wrap id="TN0.170">
  <title>Patient Care at End of Follow Up</title>
  <p>Numbers of patients receiving institutional care at
   the end of scheduled follow up and use of hospital beds
   among those allocated to day hospital or alternative
 <table frame="box" rules="all" cellpadding="5">
    <th colspan="3" align="center" rowspan="1">Institutional care</th>
    <th colspan="2" align="center" rowspan="1">&#x2003;Bed use (days)</th>
    <td colspan="3"><hr/></td>
    <td colspan="2"><hr/></td>
    <th>Control group</th>
    <th align="center">Day hospital</th>
    <th align="center">Control</th>
    <th align="center">Odds ratio (95&#x0025; CI)</th>
    <th align="center">Day hospital</th>
    <th align="center">Control</th>
    <td colspan="7"><hr/></td>
    <td>Comprehensive care (5 trials)</td>
    <td align="center">151/597<xref ref-type="table-fn"
    <td align="center">159/584</td>
    <td align="center">0.91 (0.70 to 1.19)</td>
    <td align="center">20.5</td>
    <td align="center">21.4</td>
    <td>Domiciliary care (4 trials)</td>
    <td align="center">20/216</td>
    <td align="center">&#x2002;19/227</td>
    <td align="center">1.61 (0.30 to 8.55)</td>
    <td align="center">&#x2002;7.7</td>
    <td align="center">11.1</td>
    <td>No comprehensive care (3 trials)</td>
    <td align="center">37/411</td>
    <td align="center">&#x2002;66/403</td>
    <td align="center">0.50<xref ref-type="table-fn"
      rid="TF1-151"></xref> (0.26 to 0.96)</td>
    <td align="center">11.2</td>
    <td align="center">11.7</td>
    <td align="center">208/1224</td>
    <td align="center">244/1214</td>
    <td align="center">0.77 (0.52 to 1.13)</td>
    <td align="center">15.0</td>
    <td align="center">16.4</td>
   <fn id="TF1-150"><p>Data not available for 1 trial.</p></fn>
   <fn id="TF1-151"><p>P&#x003C;0.05 (random effects model).</p></fn>