<date-in-citation> Date within a Citation

Non-publication date used within a bibliographic reference. Replaces deprecated elements <access-date> and <time-stamp>.


A <date-in-citation> element should not be used to record the publication date; instead use the specific date elements such as <year> and <month> or the combination publishing date element <date>. The <date-in-citation> element should be used to record non-publication dates such as access dates, copyright dates, patent application dates, or time stamps indicating the exact time the work was published for a continuously or frequently updated source.
Related Elements
Within citations (<element-citation> and <mixed-citation>), the <date-in-citation> element names a date that is not the publication date of the cited source. The elements <year>, <date>, <day>, <month>, and <season> may all be used to describe a date in a citation, both publication dates and other dates. Other dates inside a citation, such as a copyright date, the date on which the author accessed the resource, or a withdrawal date, should be tagged using this <date-in-citation> with the @content-type attribute used to name the type of date (copyright, access-date, time-stamp, etc.).

Base Attributes

Models and Context
May be contained in
Content Model
<!ELEMENT  date-in-citation
                        (#PCDATA %date-in-citation-elements;)*       >
Expanded Content Model

(#PCDATA | day | era | month | season | year | bold | fixed-case | italic | monospace | overline | overline-start | overline-end | roman | sans-serif | sc | strike | underline | underline-start | underline-end | ruby | sub | sup | x)*

Tagged Samples
Updated and accessed dates in citations
Mixed citation
 <mixed-citation publication-type="book" publication-format="web">
  <source>Fact sheet: AIDS information resources</source>
  [Internet]. <publisher-loc>Bethesda
  (MD)</publisher-loc>: <publisher-name>National
  Library of Medicine (US)</publisher-name>;
  <year iso-8601-date="2003-05-02">2003</year> <month>May</month>
  <day>2</day> [updated <date-in-citation content-type="updated"
  iso-8601-date="2005-07-14">2005 Jul 14</date-in-citation>;
  cited <date-in-citation content-type="access-date"
  iso-8601-date="2006-11-15">2006 Nov 15</date-in-citation>].
  <size units="screens">[about 3 screens]</size>. Available from:
Element citation
 <element-citation publication-type="book" publication-format="web">
  <source>Fact sheet: AIDS information resources</source>
  <publisher-loc>Bethesda (MD)</publisher-loc>
  <publisher-name>National Library of Medicine (US)</publisher-name>
  <year iso-8601-date="2002-05-02">2003</year>
  <date-in-citation content-type="updated"
    iso-8601-date="2005-07-14">updated 2005 Jul 14</date-in-citation>
  <date-in-citation content-type="access-date"
    iso-8601-date="2006-11-15">cited 2006 Nov 15</date-in-citation>
  <size units="screens">[about 3 screens]</size>
  <comment>Available from:
Access date
<ref id="CIT0002">
 <mixed-citation publication-type="web">
  <person-group person-group-type="author">
  <string-name><surname>Ahmetašević</surname><x>, </x>
  </person-group><x>. “</x><article-title>Ambassador Kraak interview 
  about the Compact for Growth and Jobs</article-title><x>.” </x>
  <month>August</month><x> </x><day>6</day><x>, </x><year>2014</year><x>. </x>
  <uri xlink:href="http://bosniaherzegovina.nlembassy.org/news/2014/august/
  <x> (</x><comment>accessed</comment><x> </x>
  <date-in-citation content-type="access-date">September 30, 
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