<page-count> Page Count

Total number of pages in a work in print; by convention, each page or partial page is counted as one. Electronic-only works do not traditionally have page counts.


Inside the <counts> container element are the counts of various components of the document: the generic count element <count> (for which the @count-type names what is being counted) and the specific named counting elements: the <fig-count> is the number of figures, the <table-count> is the number of tables, the <equation-count> is the number of display equations, the <ref-count> is either the number of references or (more properly) the number of citations in the bibliographic reference list, the <page-count> is the total page count, and the <word-count> is the number of words in the work.
The count elements are modeled as EMPTY elements that have no content but carry values on their attributes.
The <page-count> cannot be used inside citations (<element-citation> or <mixed-citation>); instead use the element <size>.
Related Elements
A number of elements in the Suite relate to page numbers:
  • <fpage> names the page number on which a work begins;
  • <lpage> names the page number on which a work ends (which should be the same page number or a number larger than the starting page number);
  • <elocation-id> replaces the start and end page elements just described for electronic-only publications;
  • <page-range> records discontinuous page ranges; and
  • <page-count> holds the total page count, if the publisher has provided one. Typically this element records what the publisher said and makes no validity claim. The element <page-count> should be used only in metadata. The citation elements (<element-citation> or <mixed-citation>) use the element <size> to tag the total page count of a cited work. (Historical Note: The deprecated <nlm-citation> still uses the <page-count> element.)
Best Practice: The <page-range> is intended to record supplementary information and should not be used in the place of the <fpage> and <lpage> elements, which are typically needed for citation matching. The <page-range> element is merely a text string, containing such material as “8-11, 14-19, 40”, which would mean that the document began on page 8, ran through 11, skipped to page 14, ran through 19, and concluded on page 40.
Counting Elements: Inside the <counts> container element are the counts of various components of the document: in two styles: 1) the predefined counting elements (specific to an element type and shown below) and 2) the generic count element <count> (which is used to count anything that is not one of the predefined, specific types and for which the @count-type attribute names what is being counted).
Best Practice: For counting all of a named element (such as all the figures or all the tables), the specifically-named counting elements (<fig-count>, <table-count>) should always be used. The <count> element should be reserved for 1) counting elements or conditions for which a specifically-named *-count element has not been defined (all footnotes, all contributors, the number of countries of contributors, etc.) or 2) counting only some of a named element or condition. For example, to sub-divide a count into smaller sub-counts, e.g., color figures versus black-and-white figures, use <fig-count> to hold the total number of figures and then use separate <count> elements for the subsets as shown below:
  <count count-type="fig-color" count="3"/>
  <count count-type="fig-bw" count="7"/>
  <fig-count count="10"/>
Named Counting Elements: The JATS pre-defined named counting elements are:
Is the total number of labeled Figures (see definition of the element <fig>). This is not a count of images or of <graphic> elements. Do not include unlabeled graphics, such as images embedded in table cells, in the count of figures. Also do not make this the count of images inside a figure; for example, if a <fig> contains four panels (a-d) and each panel is a separate image file (4 <graphic>s), the <fig-count> would be “1”, not “4”.
Is the total number of tables (<table-wrap>). Do not include uncaptioned/untitled tables (<array>) in this count. Do not include multiple <table> elements inside a <table-wrap>.
Is the number of display equations (<disp-formula>). Do not include inline equations in this count (<inline-formula>). If you have a display equation that consists of multiple MathML objects, this counts as one equation.
Is the number of bibliographic references within the bibliographic reference list. This may be the number of reference elements (<ref>) or the number of mixed or element citations (for publishers who put multiple <mixed-citation>s or <element-citation>s into a single <ref>). Do not include cases of <mixed-citation> or <element-citation> that appear outside of a <ref-list>.
Is the number of pages in the print or PDF item, including all Roman and Arabic number pages.
Is the number of words in the document.
count (REQUIRED)

Base Attributes

Models and Context
May be contained in
This is an EMPTY element
Content Model
<!ELEMENT  page-count   EMPTY                                        >
Tagged Sample

Number of pages in the article

Preferred predefined count element
  <conf-date iso-8601-date="1999">1999</conf-date>
  <conf-name>The 27th annual ACM SI/GUCCS
  <conf-loc>Denver, Colorado, United States</conf-loc>
  <conf-sponsor>ACM, Assoc. for Computing
  <conf-theme>User services conference for
   university and college computing service
  <count count-type="contributors" count="3"/>
  <fig-count count="5"/>
  <table-count count="3"/>
  <equation-count count="10"/>
  <ref-count count="26"/>
  <page-count count="6"/>
  <word-count count="2847"/>
  <page-count count="1"/>
Related Resources