Format of Publication
Format or medium of the document (for example, “print”). This element is used in several senses:
- to describe the format/medium for a publication date or other lifecycle date such as an acceptance date or a revision date,
- to describe the format/medium for an ISSN or ISBN, and
- to name the format/medium of the document being cited as part of a bibliographic reference.
For use in Dates: In this Tag Set, there are two attributes that can be used to describe history dates and publication dates. The @date-type attribute records the type of event in the lifecycle, such as “accepted”, “published”, or “revised” dates. In addition, the @publication-format attribute records the type of format or media, for example, “print” or “electronic”, to which the event happened.
Best Practice: This attribute should be used when the value is known. Values may include such formats as “print”, “electronic”, “video”, “audio”, “ebook”, and “online-only”.
Publication date attributes in the article metadata:
... <pub-date publication-format="print" date-type="pub" iso-8601-date="1999-03-27"> <day>27</day><month>03</month> <year>1999</year></pub-date> ...
Used in a citation:
... <element-citation publication-type="book" publication-format="videocassette" publisher-type="gov"> <name><surname>Stryker</surname> <given-names>MP</given-names></name> <source>Making maps in the brain</source> <comment>[videocassette]</comment> <publisher-loc>Bethesda (MD)</publisher-loc> ... </element-citation> ...