<attrib> Attribution

Container element for information concerning the origin of an extract, display quote, poetry, or similar element.


This element is a very unregulated container that may hold a description of the source, name of the author, formal thanks, copyright material, or other information.
Display/Formatting Note
The contents of this element are typically displayed on a separate line (or lines), following the material it concerns, thus inheriting that material’s margins.

Base Attributes

Models and Context
May be contained in
Any combination of:
Content Model
<!ELEMENT  attrib       (#PCDATA %attrib-elements;)*                 >
Expanded Content Model

(#PCDATA | email | ext-link | uri | inline-supplementary-material | related-article | related-object | hr | bold | fixed-case | italic | monospace | overline | overline-start | overline-end | roman | sans-serif | sc | serif | strike | underline | underline-start | underline-end | ruby | alternatives | inline-graphic | inline-media | private-char | chem-struct | inline-formula | tex-math | mml:math | abbrev | index-term | index-term-range-end | milestone-end | milestone-start | named-content | styled-content | fn | target | xref | sub | sup | x | break | collab | element-citation | mixed-citation | name | string-name)*

Tagged Samples
Source of epigraph (<disp-quote>)
  <preformat>... who would fardels bear,
   To grunt and sweat under a weary life,
   But that the dread of something after death,
   The undiscover&rsquo;d country from whose bourn
   No traveller returns, puzzles the will
   And makes us rather bear those ills we have
   Than fly to others that we know not of?</preformat>
  <attrib>William Shakespeare, Hamlet, Act III,
   Scene IV</attrib>
 <p>Shakespeare well understood the underpinning of
  our society&rsquo;s tenacious need to cling to life:
  the fear of death, the fear of the unknown.  Yes, we
  acknowledge death is part of nature&rsquo;s cycle,
  but even as we do so, we struggle ...</p>
Table compiled from other sources
<table-wrap position="anchor">
 <label>Table 1</label>
  <title>Incidence of COPD in Asian Countries: a 
   Comparison of Japan, Korea, and India</title>
 <table frame="box" rules="all" cellpadding="5">...</table>
  <attrib>To compile this table, the authors reviewed data
   from three studies on the incidence of chronic obstructive
   pulmonary disease (COPD) in Asia conducted since 2001:
   (1) COPD in Japan: the Nippon COPD Epidemiology Study.
   Respirology. 2004;9:458-465; (2) Prevalence of Chronic
   Obstructive Pulmonary Disease in Korea: A Population-based
   Spirometry Survey. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2005;172:842-847; 
   (3) A multicentric study on epidemiology of chronic obstructive 
   pulmonary disease and its relationship with  tobacco smoking 
   and environmental tobacco smoke exposure. Indian J Chest 
   Dis Allied Sci. 2006;48:23-27.</attrib>
Source for a poem (<verse-group>)
 <title>Buy or Lease?<break/>
  Two Models for Scholarly Information<break/>
  at the End (or the Beginning) of an Era</title>
  <verse-line>Some say the world will end in fire,</verse-line>
  <verse-line>Some say in ice.</verse-line>
  <verse-line>From what I&rsquo;ve tasted of desire</verse-line>
  <verse-line>I hold with those who favor fire.</verse-line>
  <verse-line>But if it had to perish twice,</verse-line>
  <verse-line>I think I know enough of hate</verse-line>
  <verse-line>To say that for destruction ice</verse-line>
  <verse-line>Is also great</verse-line>
  <verse-line>And would suffice.</verse-line>
  <attrib>&mdash;Robert Frost &ldquo;Fire and Ice&rdquo;</attrib>
 <p>Within living memory, our use of print (static) information has been
  governed by copyright law and the practices that have evolved around it.
  Enter electronic information, where publishers deliver it with licenses and
  new rules, a very different framework from copyright....</p>
Institutional source for a figure (<fig>)
<fig id="f1" orientation="portrait" position="float">
 <graphic xlink:href="f1"/>
 <attrib>Brookhaven National Laboratory</attrib>
Semantic tagging name of source
<fig-group id="bird-photos2">
 <caption><title>Figure 1a-b. House Sparrow</title>
 <fig id="fg-1a">
  <caption><p>View A: Shape and Size</p></caption>
  <graphic xlink:href="sparrow632.png"/>
 <fig id="fg-1b">
  <caption><p>View B: Color Pattern</p></caption>
  <graphic xlink:href="sideView.png"/>