<pub-date> Publication Date

Container element for the parts of a single date associated with a book’s publication (for example, the date a preprint chapter was released, the date a book was published in print or as an eBook).


As part of the book metadata or book part metadata, the <pub-date> is allowed to repeat; each repetition can take @publication-format and @date-type attributes to distinguish which form of publication, for example, print publication, eBook publication, web distribution, etc.

Base Attributes

Models and Context
May be contained in
Content Model
<!ELEMENT  pub-date     %pub-date-model;                             >
Expanded Content Model

(day | era | month | season | year | string-date | x)+

Tagged Sample

In book metadata, for entire book

 <book-id book-id-type="publisher">handbook-648</book-id>
  <book-title>The NCBI Handbook</book-title>
  <contrib contrib-type="editor">
   <xref ref-type="aff" rid="bid.m.1"/>
  <contrib contrib-type="editor">
   <xref ref-type="aff" rid="bid.m.1"/>
 <aff id="bid.m.1">
  <institution>National Center for Biotechnology 
  Information (NCBI), National Library of Medicine, 
  National Institutes of Health</institution>,
  <addr-line>Bethesda, MD 20892-6510</addr-line>
 <pub-date iso-8601-date="2002-11">