<person-group> Person Group for a Cited Publication

Container element for one or more contributors in a bibliographic reference.


The container can be used to group all the contributors of a particular type (for example, authors, editors, directors, translators) that are named in a reference.

CRediT Best Practice

The @person-group-type attribute was designed to name the type of people in the group and was also designed to accept any text as its value. However, if the @person-group-type value would be taken from a controlled vocabulary, such as CRediT, Best Practice is not to name the role using @person-group-type. Best Practice (when possible) is to tag the CRediT taxonomy of contributor roles by using the <role> element inside <person-group>. The major advantage of using <role> is the ability to tie the content of the role to the formal vocabulary using the four BITS vocabulary attributes.
This element may be used in bibliographic references (<element-citation> and <mixed-citation>).
This element may also include any punctuation and spacing that is between the names, even when this element is used within an <element-citation>. Therefore, within the context of an element-only <element-citation>, care should be taken not to accidentally allow punctuation and spaces, since an XML parser will not view this as an error.

Base Attributes

Models and Context
May be contained in
Content Model
<!ELEMENT  person-group %person-group-model;                         >
Expanded Content Model

(#PCDATA | anonymous | collab | collab-alternatives | name | name-alternatives | string-name | aff | aff-alternatives | etal | role | x)*

Tagged Samples
In citations
Mixed citation
 <ref id="pbiob001a">
  <mixed-citation publication-type="journal">
   <person-group person-group-type="author"><anonymous/>
   </person-group>. <article-title>A clinical evaluation of 
   the International Lymphoma Study Group classification of 
   non-Hodgkin&rsquo;s lymphoma. The Non-Hodgkin&rsquo;s 
   Lymphoma Classification Project</article-title>.
   <source>Blood</source> <year iso-8601-date="1997">1997</year>;
   <volume>89</volume>: <fpage>3909</fpage>&ndash;<lpage>3918</lpage>.
   <pub-id pub-id-type="pmid">9166827</pub-id>.
Element citation
 <ref id="bid.41">
   <article-title>A common language for physical 
    mapping of the human genome</article-title>
   <year iso-8601-date="1989">1989</year>
   <pub-id pub-id-type="pmid">2781285</pub-id>
Containing <role> using CRediT terms
 <mixed-citation publisher-type="gov">
  <person-group person-group-type="author">
  <given-names>John C</given-names></string-name>
  (<role vocab="CRediT" 
  vocab-term="Writing &#8212; original draft"
  >sole author</role>), <aff>Texas Heart Institute, 
  Houston, TX</aff></person-group>.
  <gov>Report No.: NIH-N01-HV-5-3006-4-VI. Contract No.
  N01-HV-5-3006</gov>. <source>ALVAD: 1980. A 
  comprehensive final report to NHLI</source>.
  Vol. <volume>1</volume>. ...</mixed-citation>
Related Resources
For a discussion on the use of <person-group>, see Personal Names in Citations.