<trans-title-group> Translated Title Group

Container element for translated and transliterated titles.


This element may be repeated, for example, to provide translations in multiple languages, with the language indicated using the @xml:lang attribute.

Best Practice

Although, for reasons of backwards compatibility with older versions of BITS/JATS, the @xml:lang attribute may be placed on the elements inside this element, best practice is to use @xml:lang on this element, the container for the alternative language titles.
Related Elements
In the metadata for a book or book-part such as a chapter, there are several elements concerned with the title of a book or book component. Such titles are contained within either the container element <book-title-group> (inside the <book-meta>) or the container element <title-group> (inside book parts, Tables of Contents, Indexes, etc.):
  • The <book-title> is the full title of the entire book in the original language of the document.
  • Book parts such as a Dedication, a chapter, an appendix, an Index, or a Table of Contents use the element <title> for their full titles in the original language of the document.
  • The <subtitle> is a subordinate or auxiliary title that adds information to one of the full titles or modifies a full title. Subtitles may modify either <book-title>s or structural <title>s.
  • The <alt-title> is another version of a book title or a structural title, usually created so that the title can be processed in a special way, for example, a short version of the title for use in a Table of Contents, an ASCII title, a title without equations, or a version of the title to be used in the right-running-head.
  • The <trans-title-group> is also a container element (inside either a <book-title-group> or a <title-group>) that holds together a translated title (<trans-title>) and its translated subtitle (<trans-subtitle>). The translated title is a version of the title translated into a language other than the original language of publication, and the matching subtitle is a version of the subtitle translated into a language other than the original language.

Base Attributes

Models and Context
May be contained in
Content Model
<!ELEMENT  trans-title-group
                        %trans-title-group-model;                    >
Expanded Content Model

(label?, trans-title, trans-subtitle*)

Tagged Sample

French and Spanish translations of English book title

  <book-title>Global Burden of Disease and Risk Factors</book-title>
  <trans-title-group xml:lang="es">
   <trans-title>Carga mundial de morbilidad y de factores de riesgo</trans-title>
  <trans-title-group xml:lang="fr">
   <trans-title>Charge de morbidit&eacute; mondiale et facteurs de risque</trans-title>
Related Resources